Pregnancy, Vomiting (cont.)
Exams and Tests
- Your healthcare provider may ask for a urine sample to check for ketones,
which is a chemical found in dehydration.
- In severe cases, your healthcare provider may also take blood samples to check your blood sugar, electrolyte (sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate) levels, liver function, or levels of certain hormones.
- These tests may help your doctor decide how dehydrated you are.
- They may also help decide if a different condition is causing your nausea and vomiting, such as a
urinary tract infection,
- Depending on how far along you are in your pregnancy, the doctor may also check the baby's health by listening for a heartbeat with a Doppler
instrument, or by ultrasonography.
- Your healthcare provider may diagnose hyperemesis gravidarum only after excluding other serious illnesses.
The following are other disorders that may show symptoms similar to hyperemesis gravidarum:
- Side effects from too much of a certain drug
- Liver and gastrointestinal disorders
- Preeclampsia: A toxic condition that develops in late pregnancy and causes a sudden rise in blood pressure, excessive weight gain, fluid build-up, albumin in your urine, severe headache, and visual disturbances.
- Peptic ulcer
- Gastroenteritis (food poisoning)
- Metabolic disorders: Hyperthyroidism, Addison disease,
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