Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
What Increases Your Risk
Although the cause of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is poorly understood, a number of risk factors have been noted among women with PMS.
Risk factors for PMS that you cannot control
Risk factors that you can control
When To Call a Doctor
Many women have premenstrual syndrome (PMS) either before or during their menstrual periods. If you have severe symptoms, you may wonder whether you need to see your health professional for symptom treatment.
Call your health professional if:
If PMS symptoms consistently occur for several months in a row, try home treatment measures. Many women find that making small changes in their lifestyle significantly improves their symptoms.
If home treatment does not improve your symptoms and they are severely disrupting your life, make an appointment for 3 months from now to see your health professional. Many health professionals will want you to complete a menstrual diary for at least two menstrual cycles before they can diagnose and treat PMS.
Who to see
Generally, your primary health professional can diagnose and treat premenstrual syndrome (PMS). If your health professional is not familiar with PMS, he or she can refer you to one who is.
Health professionals who can diagnose and treat PMS include:
If you have severe PMS, you may need to consult a gynecologist to help develop a treatment plan. If your symptoms are mainly emotional or behavioral, or you have been diagnosed with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), working with a psychiatrist or psychologist may help you find ways to manage your symptoms.
To prepare for your appointment, see the topic Making the Most of Your Appointment.
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