Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Aerobic: Oxygen-requiring. Aerobic bacteria need oxygen to grow. Aerobic exercise requires...

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Aerobic exercise: Brisk exercise that promotes the circulation of oxygen through the blood...

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Alprazolam: A benzodiazepine sedative that causes dose-related depression of the central n...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Benzodiazepines: A class of drugs that act as tranquilizers and are commonly used in the t...

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Birth control: Birth control is the use of any practices, methods, or devices to prevent p...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breast pain: Pain in the breast or mammary gland, known medically as mastalgia. From the G...

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Caffeine: A stimulant compound found naturally in coffee, tea, cocoa (chocolate), and kola...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Clinical trials: Trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medications or medical...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Evening primrose oil: A natural source of essential fatty acids (EFOs).

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hot flashes: A sudden wave of mild or intense body heat caused by rushes of hormonal chang...

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Hysterectomy: An operation to remove the uterus. Hysterectomies are most commonly performe...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Implant: 1. To embed; to set in firmly. In embryology, the fertilized egg implants ...

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Insomnia: The perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep due to a number ...

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Magnesium: A mineral involved in many processes in the body including nerve signaling, the...

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Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Menstrual cramps: Cramping in the lower abdomen, usually in the first or second day of the...

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Menstrual cycle: The monthly cycle of changes in the ovaries and the lining of the uteru...

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Menstruation: The periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the uterus. Also called me...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neurotransmitter: A chemical that is released from a nerve cell which thereby transmits an...

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Nutrition: 1) The science or practice of taking in and utilizing foods. 2) A nourishing ...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Ovary: The female gonad, one of a pair of reproductive glands in women. The ovaries are lo...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palpitations: Unpleasant sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart. In ...

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PMDD: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

Postmenopausal: After menopause, the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 conse...

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Premenstrual: Just before the start of menstruation. As in a premenstrual headache.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder: An unusually severe form of premenstrual syndrome charact...

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Premenstrual syndrome: A combination of physical and mood disturbances that occur in the l...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Progesterone: A female hormone, the principal hormone that prepares the uterus to receive ...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Prostaglandin: One of a number of hormone-like substances that participate in a wide range...

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Psychiatric: Pertaining to or within the purview of psychiatry, the medical specialty conc...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Rejection: In transplantation biology, when the body's immune system attacks transplanted ...

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Reuptake: The reabsorption of a secreted substance by the cell that originally produced an...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor: A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) is...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. Sero...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Sperm: A sperm is the male "gamete" or sex cell. It combines with the female &qu...

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SSRI: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, one of a family of antidepressant medication...

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Stage: As regards cancer, the extent of a cancer, especially whether the disease has spre...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

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Synthesis: Putting together different entities to make a whole which is new and different....

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Tiredness: See: Tired.

Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vasomotor: Relating to the nerves and muscles that cause blood vessels to constrict or dil...

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Vitamin B6: A group of closely related chemical compounds with related names -- pyridoxine...

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Vitamin E: Alpha-tocopherol, an antioxidant vitamin which binds oxygen free radicals that ...

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Vitamin therapy: The use of vitamins to prevent or cure disease. Many physicians are now...

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Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

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Water retention: A nonspecific term meaning the accumulation of excess fluids in body tiss...

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Xanax: See: Alprazolam.

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