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Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) (cont.)

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Treatment

Self-care measures and different medications are used to treat the symptoms of PMS and PMDD.

The patient and her health care professional may need to try different medications before one is found works for the patient. Medicines may not completely relieve all symptoms, and they are not always necessary. A woman can often make lifestyle changes that help.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Self-Care at Home

Self care reduces many premenstrual symptoms.

  • Regular aerobic exercise and relaxation techniques have been shown in some studies to relieve many of the mood symptoms found with PMS. Muscle relaxation techniques and massage therapy may help.
  • Dietary restrictions have not shown to be beneficial in treating PMS, but following a healthy nutrition plan is always sound advice. Certain strategies may help with specific symptoms, and some dietary supplements may be of benefit:
    • To lessen bloating and water retention, avoid foods high in salt (sodium), especially in the week before your period.
    • An adequate vitamin and mineral intake may also help with PMS symptoms.
      • Vitamin E: Studies do not agree about how much vitamin E may be helpful, but 300-400 IU per day is a safe dose that may be of benefit.
      • Calcium: Some women get relief taking at least 1,200 mg of calcium per day, through a combination of normal eating and taking supplements.
      • Magnesium: Most studies that have evaluated magnesium have failed to show overall benefit. Some small studies of magnesium supplementation have shown that 200 to 360 mg of magnesium taken up to three times per day may provide some relief. Food sources of magnesium include nuts, legumes, whole grains, dark green vegetables, seafood (oysters), and meats.
      • Vitamin B6: Some studies have shown doses of vitamin B6 up to 100 mg/day may be helpful, but this has not been proved conclusively.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/25/2016

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Premenstrual Syndrome »

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a recurrent luteal phase condition characterized by physical, psychological, and behavioral changes of sufficient severity to result in deterioration of interpersonal relationships and normal activity.

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