Prescription Medications Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Prescription Medications article.

Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Ad lib: Abbreviation for the Latin "ad libitum" meaning "at pleasure" and "at one's pleas...

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Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Ear: The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy tex...

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Expiration date: The date for a drug estimated for its shelf life with proper storage in s...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

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Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Generic: 1. The chemical name of a drug. 2. A term referring to the chemical...

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Herbal: 1. An adjective, referring to herbs, as in an herbal tea.
2. A...

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Ipecac: A naturally occurring substance with multiple properties including the ability to ...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Malaria: An infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites from the Plasmodium family th...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nurse: 1) A person trained, licensed, or skilled in nursing. 2) To feed an infant at the ...

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Nurse practitioner: A registered nurse (RN) who has completed an advanced training program...

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Pharmacist: A professional who fills prescriptions and, in the case of a compounding pharm...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Poison: Any substance that can cause severe organ damage or death if ingested, breathed in...

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Poison control center: A special information center set up to inform people about how to r...

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Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Syringe: A medical device that is used to inject fluid into, or withdraw fluid from, the b...

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Teaspoon: An old-fashioned but convenient household measure that is equal to about 5 cc of...

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Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

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Vomit: Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth, ...

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