Prevention of Osteoporosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Prevention of Osteoporosis article.

Absorb: 1. To take something in, as through the skin or the intestine.
2....

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Amenorrhea: Absence or cessation of menstruation. Amenorrhea is conventionally divided ...

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Anorexia: An eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion...

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Anorexia nervosa: See Anorexia.

Body mass index: A key index for relating weight to height. Abbreviated BMI. BMI is a pers...

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Bone density: Bone density is the amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone. It ca...

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Bone mineral density: BMD, a measure of bone density, reflecting the strength of bones as ...

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Breast cancer: Breast cancer is diagnosed with self- and physician-examination of the brea...

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Broken hip: Fractured bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due...

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Bulimia: Also called bulimia nervosa. An eating disorder characterized by episodes of secr...

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Calcitonin: A hormone produced by the thyroid gland that lowers the levels of calcium and ...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Cardiovascular: Relating to the circulatory system, which comprises the heart and blood ve...

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Computed tomography: An x-ray procedure that uses the help of a computer to produce a deta...

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Corticosteroid: Any of the steroid hormones made by the outer portion (cortex) of the adre...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dowager's hump: An abnormal outward curvature of the thoracic vertebrae of the upper back....

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Endometrial cancer: Cancer of the womb (the uterus ). Endometrial cancer occurs most often...

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Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

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Estrogen: A female steroid hormone that is produced by the ovaries and, in lesser amounts,...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Food and Drug Administration: An agency within the US Public Health Service that provides ...

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Fracture: A break in bone or cartilage. Although usually a result of trauma, a fracture ca...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Hip fracture: Broken bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due ...

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Hormone: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activit...

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Hormone therapy: Treatment of disease or symptoms with synthetic or naturally derived horm...

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Hypogonadism: A condition in which decreased production of gonadal hormones leads to below...

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Hysterectomy: An operation to remove the uterus. Hysterectomies are most commonly performe...

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Informatics: The application of computers and statistics to the management of information....

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Internal medicine: The medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment ...

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Lifetime risk: The risk of developing a disease during ones lifetime or dying of the disea...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Menopause: The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop; it is also...

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Menstrual: Pertaining to menstruation (the menses), as in last menstrual period, menstrua...

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Menstruation: The periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the uterus. Also called me...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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National Academy of Sciences: A nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scho...

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Nicotine: An alkaloid (a nitrogen-containing chemical) made by the tobacco plant or produc...

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NIH: National Institutes of Health.

Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

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Nutrition: 1) The science or practice of taking in and utilizing foods. 2) A nourishing ...

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Osteopenia: Mild thinning of the bone mass. Osteopenia represents a low bone mass and is n...

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Osteoporosis: Thinning of the bones, with reduction in bone mass, due to depletion of calc...

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Ovarian: Of or pertaining to the ovary.

Ovarian cancer: A malignant tumor of the ovary, the egg sac in a female. Women who have a ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Postmenopausal: After menopause, the period of time after a woman has experienced 12 conse...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Progesterone: A female hormone, the principal hormone that prepares the uterus to receive ...

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Progestin: Any one of a group of steroid hormones that have the effect of progesterone.

Quantitative: Having to do with quantity or with the amount.

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Rheumatology: A subspecialty of internal medicine that involves the nonsurgical evaluation...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Testes: Plural of testis.

Testosterone: A "male hormone" -- a sex hormone produced by the testes that encourages th...

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Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, the branch of medicine that is concerned specifical...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Uterine lining: The inner layer of the uterus (womb); the cells that line the womb; anatom...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

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Vitamins: The word "vitamin" was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw-born biochemist Casimir Funk...

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Women's Health Initiative: A long-term national health study that focuses on strategies fo...

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Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Yogurt: A common dish made of milk curdled and fermented with a culture of Lactobacillus (...

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Medical Dictionary