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Prevention of Osteoporosis (cont.)

Lifestyle and Osteoporosis Prevention

Quit smoking

  • Smoking is bad for the bones as well as for the heart and lungs.
  • In women, nicotine inhibits the bone protective effect of estrogen.
  • Women who smoke often go through menopause earlier, which hastens the development of osteoporosis because bone density decreases more rapidly after menopause. Women who smoke and choose hormone replacement therapy after menopause may require higher doses of hormones and have more complications.
  • Smokers may absorb less calcium from their diets.
  • Smokers have a higher lifetime risk of hip fracture than nonsmokers.
  • Men smokers are at risk of developing osteoporosis.

Limit alcohol intake

Regular consumption of 2-3 ounces of alcohol a day may be damaging to bones, even in young women and men. Heavy drinkers are more likely to have bone loss and fractures. This is related to both poor nutrition and increased risk of falling.

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