Primary Congenital Glaucoma Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Primary Congenital Glaucoma article.

Ablation: Removal or excision. Ablation is usually carried out surgically. For example, su...

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Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Amblyopia: Partial or complete loss of vision in one eye caused by conditions that affect ...

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Anesthesia: Loss of feeling or awareness, as when an anesthetic is administered before sur...

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Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Anterior chamber: The space in the eye that is behind the cornea and in front of the iris.

Aqueous humor: In medicine, humor refers to a fluid (or semifluid) substance. Thus, the aq...

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Bilateral: Affecting both sides. For example, bilateral arthritis affects joints on both t...

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Blepharospasm: The involuntary, forcible closure of the eyelids. The first symptoms may be...

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Blind: 1. Unable to see. Without part or all of the sense of sight.
2....

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Blindness: Loss of useful sight. Blindness can be temporary or permanent. Damage to any p...

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Choroid: In the eye, a thin vascular layer between the sclera and the retina. The choroid ...

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Ciliary body: Part of the eye, the ciliary body is a circular structure just behind the ir...

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Congenital: A condition that is present at birth, whether or not it is inherited.

Cornea: The clear front window of the eye, which transmits and focuses light into the eye....

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Corneal: Pertaining to the cornea, the clear front window of the eye that transmits and fo...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dilation: The process of enlargement, stretching, or expansion. The word "dilatation" mean...

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Disc: Shortened terminology for an intervertebral disc, a disk-shaped piece of specialized...

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Drain: A device for removing fluid from a cavity or wound. A drain is typically a tube or ...

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Eyelid: The lid or cover of the eye, a movable fold of skin and muscle that can be closed ...

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Fundus: In medicine, the bottom or base of an organ. For example, the fundus of the eye is...

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Glaucoma: A common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eyes rises becaus...

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Humor: In medicine, a fluid or semifluid substance. For example, the aqueous humor is the ...

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Implant: 1. To embed; to set in firmly. In embryology, the fertilized egg implants ...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infant: A young baby, from birth to 12 months of age.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Intraocular: In the eye. For example, intraocular pressure is the pressure within the eye....

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Intraocular pressure: The pressure created by the continual renewal of fluids within the ...

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Iris: The circular, colored curtain of the eye. The opening of the iris forms the pupil. T...

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Laser: A powerful beam of light that is used in some types of surgery to cut or destroy ti...

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Lazy eye: An eye that diverges in gaze. A lazy eye is formally called strabismus. A lazy e...

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Lens: The transparent structure inside the eye that focuses light rays onto the retina.

Membrane: A very thin layer of tissue that covers a 'surface.

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Nystagmus: Rapid, rhythmic, repetitious, and involuntary eye movements. Nystagmus can be h...

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Operating room: A facility that is equipped for performing surgery. Abbreviated OR.

Ophthalmologist: A physician who practices ophthalmology.

Ophthalmology: The art and science of eye ?medicine.

Ophthalmoscopy: Examination of the interior of the eye, including the lens, retina and opt...

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Optic: Having to do with vision.

Optic disc: The circular area in the back of the inside of the eye where the optic nerve c...

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Optic nerve: The optic nerve connects the eye to the brain. The optic nerve carries the...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Photophobia: Painful oversensitivity to light. For example, photophobia is often seen in m...

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Probe: (1) In surgery, a probe is a slender flexible rod with a blunt end used to e...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Recur: To occur again; to return. For example, a symptom, sign, or disease can recur.

Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Shunt: 1) To move a body fluid, such as cerebrospinal fluid, from one place to another. 2...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Tonometry: A standard eye test that is done to determine the fluid pressure inside the eye...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Uvea: An inner layer of the eye that includes the iris, the blood vessels that serve the e...

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Uveitis: Inflammation of the uvea. Uveitis is a serious form of eye inflammation and requi...

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Visual field: The entire area that can be seen when the eye is directed forward, including...

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