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Procedural Sedation


Topic Overview

A doctor may use procedural sedation for a minor procedure that needs only small amounts of anesthesia and doesn't require an anesthesia specialist to be present. Procedural sedation combines the use of local anesthesia with sedatives to relax you. You may or may not be conscious.

A local anesthetic is injected into the body area that needs to be numbed for the procedure. The sedative is usually given intravenously (IV) first. Benzodiazepines (such as midazolam) are commonly used sedatives. You will most likely experience forgetfulness (amnesia) with midazolam.

You will be closely monitored during the procedure by a qualified health professional, such as a surgeon or other doctor, to avoid any complications.

During some but not all types of procedural sedation, you may respond appropriately to physical stimulation and verbal commands. Procedural sedation can help relieve pain and anxiety and limit some of the discomfort of lying still.

Procedural sedation may be used when:

  • Your procedure is a minor one that requires only limited anesthesia.
  • Your procedure does not require specialized equipment or a full operating room staff.
  • You are particularly anxious or sensitive to pain and want sedation for a minor procedure that is usually done without sedation.
  • Small children need to relax and lie still. Sedation for even very minor procedures or diagnostic tests (such as a computed tomography [CT] scan) may make it easier for the child.

Related Information

Credits

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerAdam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerJohn M. Freedman, MD - Anesthesiology
Last RevisedSeptember 30, 2011

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