Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Progressive Supranuclear Palsy article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acetylcholine: A neurotransmitter released by nerves that is essential for communication b...

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Alzheimer disease: See: Alzheimer's disease.

Amitriptyline: An antidepressant medication. In some patients with depression, abnormal l...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Cognitive: Having to do with thought, judgment, or knowledge.

Computed tomography: An x-ray procedure that uses the help of a computer to produce a deta...

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Constipation: Infrequent and frequently incomplete bowel movements. Constipation is the op...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dementia: Significant loss of intellectual abilities, such as memory capacity, that is sev...

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Depression: An illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and that affects the way...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Dopamine: An important neurotransmitter (messenger) in the brain.

Elavil: See: Amitriptyline.

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Feeding tube: See: Enteral nutrition.

Gastrostomy: A surgical opening into the stomach. A gastrostomy may be used for feeding, u...

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Genes: The basic biological units of heredity. Segments of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) nee...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Incontinence: The inability to control excretions, to hold urine in the bladder, or to kee...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Lab test: A test that is done in the laboratory where the appropriate equipment, supplies,...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Malnutrition: A term used to refer to any condition in which the body does not receive eno...

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Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neurologist: A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of th...

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Nuclei: The plural of nucleus.

Nutrition: 1: The process of taking in food and using it for growth, metabolism, and repai...

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Occupational therapist: A licensed health professional who is trained to evaluate patients...

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Ophthalmologist: A physician who practices ophthalmology.

Palsy: Paralysis, generally partial, whereby a local body area is incapable of voluntary m...

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Parkinson disease: A slowly progressive neurologic disease characterized by a fixed inexpr...

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Physical therapist: A person who is trained and certified by a state or accrediting body t...

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Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Predispose: To make more likely or render susceptible. Smoking predisposes to a number of ...

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Progressive: Increasing in scope or severity, advancing, or going forward. For example, a ...

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Progressive supranuclear palsy: A neurologic disorder of unknown origin that gradually des...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Psychiatrist: A physician who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of m...

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Quality of life: The patient's ability to enjoy normal life activities. Quality of life is...

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Rehabilitation: The process of helping a person who has suffered an illness or injury rest...

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Reuptake: The reabsorption of a secreted substance by the cell that originally produced an...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. Sero...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

SPECT: An acronym that stands for Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, a nuclear me...

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Speech therapist: An older term for a speech- language pathologist.

Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tired: A feeling of a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency of accomplishment,...

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Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Urinary tract: The organs of the body that produce, store, and discharge urine. These orga...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Voluntary: Done in accordance with the conscious will of the individual. The opposite of i...

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