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Prostate Cancer (cont.)

Prostate Cancer Treatment

Overview

  • Treatments for prostate cancer are generally effective in most men. Different treatment options are indicated depending on the severity of the disease.
  • Treatment for localized prostate cancer include:
    • Active surveillance
    • Radical prostatectomy
    • Radiation therapy
    • Cryotherapy and HIFU
  • Treatment for advanced disease includes:
  • A combination of factors defines the severity of the disease or the prognosis (including the chances of dying of the disease).
  • Specifically these factors include:
    • Tumor stage, defined by the extent of the disease (localized vs advanced) given by TNM staging.
    • Tumor grade, defined by the pathologists report on the biopsies or surgical specimen given by the Gleason score.
    • PSA value (Prostate Specific Antigen blood test).
  • In addition, the therapeutic plan takes into consideration potential benefits vs. side effects of the treatment but also individual factors including the patient's biological -- as opposed to their chronological -- age as well as the presence or absence of comorbidities (other diseases).
  • A man's treatment plan should be tailored to his individual case and it may be adjusted according to his expectations, specific needs, and feelings about the different options available.
  • It is important that a man understands and discusses his treatment plan with his medical team and specifically with his urologist and/or oncologist (cancer specialist).
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/31/2015
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Prostate Cancer - Symptoms

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