Prostate Cancer (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
What is Hormone Therapy?
Prostate cells are physiologically dependent on male hormones called androgens. Androgens cause hormonal stimulation of the prostate cancer cells causing them to grow, function, and proliferate. Testosterone, although not directly carcinogenic, is essential for the growth and perpetuation of tumor cells. The testes are the source of most androgens. The goal of hormonal therapy is to lower levels of testosterone or to stop testosterone from working. This can be achieved with surgery or with drug treatment. Often, the initial response is good, but cancer may progress over time.
Androgen deprivation therapy: This therapy is likely to be used in cases in which the cancer has spread to distant regions. Therefore, it is not currently used among the standard options for men with localized prostate disease. It may be added to surgery and radiation in cases at high risk for relapse due to high Gleason score and/or positive surgical margins.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 3/31/2015
YOU MAY ALSO LIKE
Must Read Articles Related to Prostate Cancer
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Prostate Cancer:
Prostate Cancer - Symptoms
The symptoms of prostate cancer can vary greatly from patient to patient. What were your symptoms at the onset of your disease?
Prostate Cancer - Diagnosis
How was your prostate cancer diagnosed?
Prostate Cancer - Treatment
What was the treatment for your prostate cancer?
Prostate Cancer - Prognosis
What is your prostate cancer prognosis?
Prostate Cancer - Surgery
Did you opt for surgery for your prostate cancer? Why or why not?
Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape
Prostate cancer is the most common noncutaneous cancer among males.