Prostate Infections (Prostatitis)
Prostate Infection Facts
- Prostate infections comprise only about 5% to 10% of all men with prostatitis.
This small percentage is comprised of acute and chronic prostatic infections.
- E. coli</i> and other Gram-negative bacteria cause about 80% of acute and
chronic prostatic infections.
- Prostatic infection symptoms include groin pain, dysuria, pain with
ejaculation, reduced urine output; and may include fever, malaise, and periodic
recurrence of symptoms even after treatment.
- Seek medical care if symptoms develop, emergency care if fever or inability
to urinate occurs.
- Diagnosis of prostate infections or prostatitis is made by identifying the agent (vast majority are bacteria)
infecting the prostate.
- Treatment of prostate infections or prostatitis is usually antibiotics; chronic infectious prostatitis may
require long-term antibiotic treatment, and severe infections may require
hospitalization with IV antibiotics.
- Home care is limited to pain reduction. Men with a prostate infection or
prostatitis need medical care.
- Follow-up is important to confirm adequate treatment results or to plan
additional treatment if the infection reoccurs.
- Some prostate infections cannot be prevented, but reducing the risk of groin trauma
or injury, avoiding sexually transmitted diseases, and staying well hydrated are
ways to reduce the chance of getting infectious prostatitis.
- The prognosis of acute infectious prostatitis is usually good, but chronic
infectious prostatitis is only fair because it is difficult to cure.
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