Pulmonary Edema Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Pulmonary Edema article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acid-base balance: Acid-base balance refers to the mechanisms the body uses to keep its fl...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Aerobic: Oxygen-requiring. Aerobic bacteria need oxygen to grow. Aerobic exercise requires...

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Airway: The path that air follows to get into and out of the lungs. The mouth and nose are...

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Alveolar: Pertaining to the alveoli, the tiny air sacs in the lungs. The exchange of oxyge...

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Alveoli: The plural of alveolus. The alveoli are tiny air sacs within the lungs where the ...

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Alveolus: A tiny air sac in the lungs. Plural alveoli.

Ammonia: A colorless gas with a very sharp odor. Made both by humans and by nature, ammoni...

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Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension and fear, characterized by physical symptoms such as pa...

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Aortic: Pertaining to the aorta, the largest artery in the body.

ARDS: Acronym that stands for a disorder known as or Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Artery: A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the far...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Atherosclerotic: Pertaining to atherosclerosis, the process of progressive thickening and ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Blind: 1. Unable to see. Without part or all of the sense of sight.
2....

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Capillary: A tiny blood vessel that connects an arteriole (the smallest division of an art...

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Carbon dioxide: A gas which is the byproduct of cellular metabolism and which collects in ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cardiomyopathy: Disease of the heart muscle (myocardium).

CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cerebral: Of or pertaining to the cerebrum or the brain.

Cerebral edema: Accumulation of excessive fluid in the substance of the brain. The brain i...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest pain: Pain in the chest that can be a result of many things, including angina, heart...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: COPD. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

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Circulation: In medicine, the movement of fluid through the body in a regular or circuitou...

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Cocaine: A substance derived from the leaves of the coca plant that is a bitter, addictive...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Congestive heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it, with f...

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Consultant: An individual to whom one refers for expert advice or services. The use of con...

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COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

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CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. CPAP is an effective treatment for moderate to ...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dilate: To stretch or enlarge. Also known as dilatate.

Dilating: The widening and opening of an opening, such as the cervix or esophagus. For exa...

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Distention: The state of being distended, enlarged, swollen from internal pressure.

Dyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing; shortness of breath. Dyspnea is a sign of serious...

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Edema: The swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess fluid accumulation. Edema is oft...

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Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Family history: The family structure and relationships within the family, including inform...

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HAPE: Acronym for High Altitude pulmonary edema, the accumulation in the lungs of extravas...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heart attack: The death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. The loss of bloo...

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Heart disease: Any disorder that affects the heart. Sometimes the term "heart disease" is ...

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Heart failure: Inability of the heart to keep up with the demands on it and, specifically...

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Heart muscle: A type of muscle with unique features only found in the heart. The heart mus...

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Heart valves: There are four heart valves. All are one-way valves. Blood entering the ...

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Heart ventricle: One of the two lower chambers of the heart. The right ventricle receives ...

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Hemoglobin: The oxygen-carrying pigment and predominant protein in the red blood cells. He...

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Heroin: Semisynthetic drug derived from morphine. Discovered in 1874, it was introduced co...

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High altitude: Altitude sickness occurs at high altitude. So what is high altitude?

High altitude pulmonary edema: Known for short as HAPE, the accumulation in the lungs of e...

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High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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Hypertension: High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceedi...

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Hypertensive: Having abnormally high blood pressure (hypertension). See also: Hypotensive;...

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Hypertrophy: Enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part of the body due to the increase...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Inflammatory response: A fundamental type of response by the body to disease and injury, a...

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Intubation: The process of putting a tube into a hollow organ or passageway, often into th...

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Jugular: The principal vein in the front of either side of the neck. The word comes from t...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Left heart: The left atrium and left ventricle.

Lethargy: Abnormal drowsiness, stupor.

Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Mechanical ventilation: Use of a machine called a ventilator or respirator to improve the ...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Metabolism: The whole range of biochemical processes that occur within a living organism. ...

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Molecule: The smallest unit of a substance that can exist alone and retain the character o...

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Morphine: A powerful narcotic agent that has strong analgesic (pain relief) action and oth...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Orthopnea: The inability to breathe easily except when sitting up straight or standing ere...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pericardium: The conical sac of fibrous tissue that surrounds the heart and the roots of ...

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Peripheral: Situated away from the center, as opposed to centrally located.

Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Pulmonary edema: Fluid in the lungs.

Red blood cell: The blood cell that carries oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Regurgitation: A backward flowing. For example, vomiting is a regurgitation of food from t...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Respiratory failure: Inability of the lungs to perform their basic task of gas exchange, t...

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Right heart: The right atrium and right ventricle.

Sacrum: The large heavy bone at the base of the spine, which is made up of fused sacral v...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Somnolent: Sleepy or tending to cause sleep. From the Latin work somnus, meaning 'sleep.'

Sputum: Mucous material from the lungs that is produced (brought up) by coughing.

Stenosis: A narrowing. For example, aortic stenosis is a narrowing of the aortic valve in ...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Swelling of the brain: See: Cerebral edema.

Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Thyroid: 1. The thyroid gland. Also, pertaining to the thyroid gland. 2. A p...

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Trachea: A tube-like portion of the respiratory tract that connects the larynx with the br...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

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Tubes: The "tubes" are medically known as the Fallopian tubes. There are two Fallopian tub...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Ventilation: The exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere so that oxygen can b...

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Ventilator: A machine that mechanically assists a patient in the exchange of oxygen and ca...

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Ventricle: A chamber of an organ. For example, the four connected cavities in the central ...

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Ventricular: Pertaining to the ventricles, the lower chambers of the heart, as in ventricu...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on th...

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Wheezing: A whistling noise in the chest during breathing. Wheezing occurs when the airway...

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White blood cell: One of the cells the body makes to help fight infections. There are seve...

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White blood cell count (leukocyte count): The number of white blood cells (WBCs) in the b...

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Windpipe: The trachea, a tube-like portion of the respiratory (breathing) tract that conne...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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