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Pulmonary Hypertension (cont.)

Pulmonary Hypertension Follow-up

Close follow-up with the treating doctor is very important in patients with pulmonary hypertension. Routine monitoring of symptoms, signs, oxygen level, and blood pressure are important components of follow-up for pulmonary hypertension. Repeat echocardiograms or heart catheterizations may also be advised and performed to assess the stability of the pulmonary arterial pressure or other important clinical parameters.

Pulmonary Hypertension Prevention

Prevention of pulmonary hypertension may focus on reducing risk factors that may lead to the underlying cause. This is not always possible, especially in situations where the risk factors are not controllable. For example, some conditions, such as lupus, are not preventable. However, if it is diagnosed early and treated appropriately, the chances of subsequent development of pulmonary hypertension may be reduced.

Prognosis (Outlook) for Pulmonary Hypertension

The outlook for pulmonary hypertension depends on the underlying disease and the severity of pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary hypertension may be a life-threatening condition if diagnosed in late stages or left untreated. The life expectancy of someone with primary pulmonary hypertension may be approximately three years after diagnosis if it goes untreated or sooner if it is severe or there is evidence of right-sided heart failure.

Medically reviewed by James E Gerace, MD; American Board of Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Pulmonary Disease

REFERENCE:

"Clinical features and diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension in adults"
UpToDate.com


Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 2/9/2016

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