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Puncture Wound (cont.)

Puncture Wound Treatment

Puncture Wound Self-Care at Home

  • First, check to see that nothing is left in the wound.
  • Check to see if the object that caused the wound is intact. If a piece is missing, it may be stuck in the wound.
  • Allow the wound to bleed freely, but if bleeding is heavy or squirting out, apply pressure until it stops.
  • If bleeding won't stop, the patient will need emergency care.
  • The basics of wound care
    • Stop the bleeding: Minor puncture wounds and cuts usually stop bleeding without any treatment. If not, apply gentle pressure with a clean cloth or bandage. If the blood spurts or continues after several minutes of pressure, emergency care is necessary.
    • Clean the wound: The person that cleans the wound needs first to wash their hands; ideally, the person should wear sterile gloves. People may spread bacteria into the wound if their hands are not clean. Cleanse the wound; wash with water. People can use a mild soap such as Ivory if the wound is very dirty. If dirt or debris remains in the wound, clean a pair of tweezers with alcohol and remove the dirt. If a person cannot get the dirt or debris out, the patient's doctor should be notified or they should go to an urgent care or emergency center.
    • Protect the wound: An antibiotic ointment such as Neosporin or Polysporin can be used. Apply a thin layer over the wound. This will help coat and protect the wound. Large amounts of ointment are not helpful because they can attract bacteria. Apply the ointment with a clean swab or gauze. Do not apply directly from the tube in order to avoid contamination of the tube. Ointments can be applied up to 3 times a day, but individuals should always clean the wound before applying ointment.

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