Rabies Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Rabies article.

Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

See the entire definition of Absorption

Aerophobia: An abnormal and persistent fear of flying. Sufferers experience severe anxiety...

See the entire definition of Aerophobia

Antiseptic: Something that discourages the growth microorganisms. By contrast, aseptic ref...

See the entire definition of Antiseptic

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

See the entire definition of Arthritis

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

See the entire definition of Bacteria

Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

See the entire definition of Blood pressure

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

See the entire definition of Brain

Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

See the entire definition of Breathing

Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

See the entire definition of Cell

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

See the entire definition of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

See the entire definition of Chills

Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

See the entire definition of Coma

Cuts: Severed skin. Washing a cut or scrape with soap and water and keeping it clean and d...

See the entire definition of Cuts

Deltoid: The muscle, roughly triangular in shape, that stretches from the collarbone (clav...

See the entire definition of Deltoid back to top

Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

See the entire definition of Diagnosis

Diploid: The number of chromosomes in most cells of the body. The diploid in humans is 46,...

See the entire definition of Diploid

Dog Bite: A bite wound inflicted by a dog. Approximately 880,000 dog bite victims seek eme...

See the entire definition of Dog Bite

Embryo: An organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation, from fertilization ...

See the entire definition of Embryo

Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

See the entire definition of Emergency department

Essential: In medicine, of unknown cause, as in essential hypertension (high blood pressur...

See the entire definition of Essential

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

See the entire definition of Fatigue

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

See the entire definition of Fever

Flu: Flu is a colloquialism for influenza. The flu is an acute respiratory illness caused ...

See the entire definition of Flu

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

See the entire definition of Heart

Heart rate: The number of heartbeats per unit of time, usually per minute. The heart rate ...

See the entire definition of Heart rate

Hydrophobia: 1. Literally, an irrational fear of water, to drink or to swim in. Som...

See the entire definition of Hydrophobia

Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

See the entire definition of Immune response

Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

See the entire definition of Immune system back to top

Immunity: The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate'for example, humans are in...

See the entire definition of Immunity

Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

See the entire definition of Immunization

Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

See the entire definition of Incidence

Incubation period: In medicine, the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agen...

See the entire definition of Incubation period

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

See the entire definition of Infection

Iodine: An element in the diet that is essential for the manufacture of hormones by the th...

See the entire definition of Iodine

Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

See the entire definition of Itching

Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

See the entire definition of Laboratory

Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

See the entire definition of Leg

Malaria: An infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites from the Plasmodium family th...

See the entire definition of Malaria

Memory: 1. The ability to recover information about past events or knowledge. ...

See the entire definition of Memory

Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

See the entire definition of Meningitis

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

See the entire definition of Mouth

Mucous: Pertaining to mucus, a thick fluid produced by the lining of some tissues of the b...

See the entire definition of Mucous

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

See the entire definition of Muscle back to top

Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

See the entire definition of Nerve

Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

See the entire definition of Nose

Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

See the entire definition of Pain

Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

See the entire definition of Paralysis

Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

See the entire definition of Pharmacy

Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body. Thi...

See the entire definition of Pregnancy

Probability: The likelihood that something will happen. For example, a probability of less...

See the entire definition of Probability

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

See the entire definition of Prognosis

Public health: The approach to medicine that is concerned with the health of the community...

See the entire definition of Public health

Rabies: A potentially fatal viral infection that attacks the central nervous system. Rabie...

See the entire definition of Rabies

Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

See the entire definition of Rheumatoid arthritis

Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

See the entire definition of Saliva

Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

See the entire definition of Shoulder

Spinal cord: The major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies with...

See the entire definition of Spinal cord

Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby ...

See the entire definition of Spinal Tap back to top

Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

See the entire definition of Substance

Temple: The area just behind and to the side of the forehead and the eye, above the side o...

See the entire definition of Temple

Tetanus: An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tet...

See the entire definition of Tetanus

Thigh: The thick, muscular portion of the leg that extends from the hip to the knee. The t...

See the entire definition of Thigh

Vaccination: Injection of a killed microbe in order to stimulate the immune system against...

See the entire definition of Vaccination

Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

See the entire definition of Vaccines

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

See the entire definition of Viral

Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

See the entire definition of Virus

Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

See the entire definition of X-ray back to top







Medical Dictionary