Dr. Alai is an actively practicing medical and surgical dermatologist in south Orange County, California. She has been a professor of dermatology and family medicine at the University of California, Irvine since 2000. She is U.S. board-certified in dermatology, a 10-year-certified fellow of the American Academy of Dermatology, and Fellow of the American Society of Mohs Surgery.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Many other viruses, including
parvovirus and coxsackievirus, cause rashes. Coxsackievirus is associated with
hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). Young children are particularly prone to many
kinds of viral infections and illnesses.
Pseudomonas may causes all
sorts of skin problems, including green discoloration of the nails, folliculitis, hot tub folliculitis, surgical wound infections, and foot
infections following a penetrating injury through tennis shoes.
types of less common bacteria cause skin rashes. These are often diagnosed by
Scabies is a very itchy, contagious, superficial skin
infestation with a microscopic mite.
Lice infestations may cause different
types of itchy rashes in the affected areas like scalp and nape of the neck.
The following are causes of noninfectious rashes:
Drug allergies may arise from exposure to drugs
containing sulfa, penicillin, antiseizure medications like phenytoin and
phenobarbital, and many others.
Contact allergic dermatitis may develop on
repeat exposure to topical products like nickel, neomycin, cobalt, fragrance,
adhesives, latex, rubber, and dyes. Essentially any product may potentially
induce a skin allergy.
Eczema or atopic dermatitis includes a wide variety of
skin sensitivity in which areas of skin are dry, red, and itchy.
Hypersensitivity or allergic dermatitis may develop upon repeat exposure to
poison oak and poison ivy.
Irritant dermatitis from excessive skin dryness may
develop from repeat exposure to harsh soaps and cleaning chemicals.
conditions, like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Hashimoto's thyroiditis,
scleroderma, and other disorders in which the immune system may be overactive,
often cause skin rashes.
Other internal diseases such as amyloidosis and
sarcoidosis may cause skin symptoms and accompanying rashes.