Rectal Cancer (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Rectal Cancer Surgery
Surgical removal of a tumor is the cornerstone of curative therapy for localized rectal cancer. In addition to removing the rectal tumor, removing the fat and lymph nodes in the area of a rectal tumor is also necessary to minimize the chance that any cancer cells might be left behind.
However, rectal surgery can be difficult because the rectum is in the pelvis and is close to the anal sphincter (the muscle that controls the ability to hold stool in the rectum). With more deeply invading tumors and when the lymph nodes are involved, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are usually included in the treatment course to increase the chance that all microscopic cancer cells are removed or killed.
Four types of surgeries are possible, depending on the location of the tumor in relation to the anus.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/22/2015
YOU MAY ALSO LIKE
Must Read Articles Related to Rectal Cancer
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Rectal Cancer:
Rectal Cancer - Symptoms
What symptoms did you experience with rectal cancer?
Rectal Cancer - Treatment
What was the treatment for your rectal cancer?
- Are We Close to a Cure for Cancer?
- Is a Clinical Trial Right for You?
- Is My NSCLC Immunotherapy Working?