Rectal Pain Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Rectal Pain article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Anal fissure: A tear in the anal canal, one of the most common causes of red blood in the ...

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Anesthetic: A substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit s...

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Anus: The opening of the rectum to the outside of the body.

Asthma: A common lung disorder in which inflammation causes the bronchi to swell and narro...

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Blood clot: A mass of coagulated blood. A blood clot can block a major blood vessel, causi...

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Botulinum toxin: A toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum that is th...

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Bowel: The small and large intestine.

Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Colitis: Inflammation of the large intestine (the colon). There are many forms of coliti...

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Colon: The long, coiled, tubelike organ that removes water from digested food. The remaini...

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Colon cancer: A malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine (the co...

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Crohn's disease: A chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large ...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Digital rectal exam: A routine exam in which a physician inserts a lubricated, gloved fing...

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Discharge: 1.The flow of fluid from part of the body, such as from the nose or vag...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fiber: The parts of fruits and vegetables that cannot be digested. Fiber is of vital impor...

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Fissure: A cleft or groove. A fissure can be normal or abnormal.

Hemorrhoid: A dilated (enlarged) vein in the walls of the anus and sometimes around the re...

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Hemorrhoids: Dilated (enlarged) veins in the walls of the anus and sometimes around the re...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Incision: A cut through skin or other tissue performed by a health care professional.

Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammatory bowel disease: A group of chronic intestinal diseases characterized by infla...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Proctitis: Inflammation of the rectum. Proctitis may be due to a considerable number of ca...

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Rectal bleeding: Blood passed rectally. Blood in the stool can be bright red or maroon in ...

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Rectum: The last 6 to 8 inches of the large intestine. The rectum stores solid waste until...

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Rule out: Term used in medicine, meaning to eliminate or exclude something from considera...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Stool: The solid matter that is discharged in a bowel movement.

Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Toxin: A poison produced by certain animals, plants, or bacteria.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

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Ulcerative colitis: A bowel disease that is characterized by inflammation with ulcer forma...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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