Renal Cell Cancer (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
What Follow-up Is Needed After Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma?
After treatment is completed, a urologist with or without a medical oncologist will perform regular evaluations, typically every 4 or 6 months for as long as 5 years. These visits include history and physical examination along with imaging studies, such as chest X-rays and abdominal CT scans, to monitor the condition and lab tests to make sure the kidneys and other organs are working properly.
Is It Possible to Prevent Renal Cell Carcinoma?
The best way to avoid renal cell cancer, and many other cancers, is not to smoke. Eating a healthy, balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight also reduce the risk of cancer.
What Is the Prognosis for Renal Cell Carcinoma?
The outlook for a person with renal cell cancer depends on the stage, the type of treatment received, the complications of the disease, and the person's overall condition. In general, as with any kind of cancer, the lower the stage at the time of treatment, the better the prognosis. Tumors confined to the kidney have the best chance of cure.
Renal Cell Carcinoma Metastasis
About 25%-30% of people have metastatic disease at diagnosis.
In people whose disease is limited to the kidney area, 20%-30% may still develop metastatic disease after nephrectomy due to cells which may have escaped and spread undetected prior to the surgery. Those who have a long disease-free interval between nephrectomy and the appearance of metastases usually do best. Those with a solitary metastasis to a lung usually have the best outlook, since such metastases can often be treated by surgery. Patients with more extensive metastatic disease may benefit from biological therapy and targeted therapies and should see an oncologist who specializes in these treatments. Advances in these types of treatment recently has been encouraging.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/14/2015
Kush Sachdeva, MD
Brendan Curti, MD
Winston W Tan, MD
Mary L Windle, PharmD
Koyamangalath Krishnan, MD, FRCP
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Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Renal Cell Cancer:
Renal Cell Carcinoma - Metastasis
Had your renal cell carcinoma metastasized by the time it was diagnosed?
Renal Cell Carcinoma - Treatment
What treatment has been effective for your renal cell carcinoma?
Renal Cell Carcinoma - Symptoms and Signs
The symptoms and signs of renal cell carcinoma can vary greatly from patient to patient. What were your symptoms and signs at the onset of your disease?