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Renal Cell Cancer (cont.)

Follow-up for Renal Cancer

After treatment is completed, a urologist with or without a medical oncologist will perform regular evaluations, typically every 4 or 6 months for as long as 5 years. These visits include history and physical examination along with imaging studies, such as chest X-rays and abdominal CT scans, to monitor the condition and lab tests to make sure the kidneys and other organs are working properly.

Prevention of Renal Cell Cancer

The best way to avoid renal cell cancer, and many other cancers, is not to smoke. Eating a healthy, balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight also reduce the risk of cancer.

Renal Cell Cancer Outlook

The outlook for a person with renal cell cancer depends on the stage, the type of treatment received, the complications of the disease, and the person's overall condition. In general, as with any kind of cancer, the lower the stage at the time of treatment, the better the prognosis. Tumors confined to the kidney have the best chance of cure. About 25-30% of people have metastatic disease at diagnosis.

In people whose disease is limited to the kidney area, 20-30% may still develop metastatic disease after nephrectomy due to cells which may have escaped and spread undetected prior to the surgery. Those who have a long disease-free interval between nephrectomy and the appearance of metastases usually do best. Those with a solitary metastasis to a lung usually have the best outlook, since such metastases can often be treated by surgery. Patients with more extensive metastatic disease may benefit from biological therapy and targeted therapies and should see an oncologist who specializes in these treatments. Advances in these types of treatment recently has been encouraging.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/14/2015
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Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Renal Cell Cancer:

Renal Cell Cancer - Symptoms

The symptoms of renal cell cancer can vary greatly from patient to patient. What were your symptoms at the onset of your disease?

Renal Cell Cancer - Treatment

What treatment has been effective for your renal cell cancer?




Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Renal Cell Carcinoma »

Renal cell carcinoma accounts for approximately 3% of adult malignancies and 90-95% of neoplasms arising from the kidney.

Read More on Medscape Reference »


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