Repetitive Motion Injuries Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Repetitive Motion Injuries article.

Adhesive capsulitis: A condition in which a person has constant severe limitation of the r...

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Alcoholism: Physical dependence on alcohol to the extent that stopping alcohol use would b...

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Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Biceps: A muscle that has two heads, or origins. There is more than one biceps muscle. The...

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Bursa: A closed, fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction b...

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Bursae: Plural of bursa.

Bursitis: Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa. A bursa is a tiny fluid-filled sac that fu...

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Capsaicin: Capsaicin is an active component of chili peppers that is used to relieve muscl...

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Capsulitis: Inflammation of the capsule of the lens, joint, liver, or labyrinth. See also:...

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Carpal tunnel syndrome: Compression and irritation of the median nerve as it passes under ...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: COPD. Any disorder that persistently obstructs bron...

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Compression: 1. The act of pressing together. As in a compression fracture, nerve c...

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Crepitus: A clinical sign in medicine that is characterized by a peculiar crackling, crink...

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Diabetes: Refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mell...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Flare: 1. an exacerbation of a chronic disease. Sometimes referred to as a flare-up, a fla...

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Frozen shoulder: Permanent severe limitation of the range of motion of the shoulder due to...

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Gout: Condition characterized by abnormally elevated levels of uric acid in the blood, rec...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Insertion: A chromosome abnormality that is due to insertion of a segment from one chromos...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Kneecap: The patella, the small bone in the front of the knee. The patella is a little (se...

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Labor: Childbirth, the process of delivering a baby and the placenta, membranes, and umbil...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Microscopic: So small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope. As opposed to macro...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Palm: The grasping side of the hand; the flexor surface of the hand. In contrast to the ba...

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Pharmacy: A location where prescription medications are sold. A pharmacy is constantly sup...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Rotator cuff: A group of four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint. Each of these ten...

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Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the ach...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Sexually transmitted disease: Any disease transmitted by sexual contact; caused by microo...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Shoulder joint: The flexible ball-and-socket joint formed by the junction of the humerus...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Supination: Rotation of the arm or leg outward. In the case of supination of the arm, the ...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Systemic: Affecting the entire body. A systemic disease such as diabetes can affect the wh...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon (the tissue by which muscle attaches to bone). Tendin...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Tennis elbow: Lateral epicondylitis caused by injured tendons from the muscles that attach...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Uremia: The presence of excessive amounts of urea in the blood, which may be a sign of ki...

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Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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Medical Dictionary