Rhabdomyolysis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Rhabdomyolysis article.

Acid-base balance: Acid-base balance refers to the mechanisms the body uses to keep its fl...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Antidepressant: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Antidepressants: Anything, and especially a drug, used to prevent or treat depression.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bicarbonate: In medicine, bicarbonate usually refers to bicarbonate of soda (sodium bicarb...

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Blast: An immature blood cell.

Blood clots: Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. Also called a t...

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Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Blood in the urine: Blood that appears in the urine. Also known as hematuria. Gross hematu...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Bronchi: The plural of bronchus.

Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cardiac muscle: A type of muscle tissue that is found only in the heart and is distinguish...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Cholesterol: The most common type of steroid in the body. Cholesterol has a reputation for...

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Coagulation: In medicine, the clotting of blood. The process by which the blood clots to f...

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Cocaine: A substance derived from the leaves of the coca plant that is a bitter, addictive...

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Compartment syndrome: A condition in which there is swelling and an increase in pressure w...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Creatine: A compound the body synthesizes (makes) and then utilizes to store energy. The s...

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Creatinine: A chemical waste molecule that is generated from muscle metabolism. Creatinine...

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Crush injury: An injury that occurs because of pressure from a heavy object onto a body pa...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Dermatomyositis: A chronic inflammatory disease of skin and muscle which is associated wit...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dialysis: The process of removing waste products and excess fluid from the body. Dialysis ...

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Diuretic: Something that promotes the formation of urine by the kidney. All diuretics caus...

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Electrocardiogram: A recording of the electrical activity of the heart. Abbreviated ECG an...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Emergency department: The department of a hospital responsible for the provision of medica...

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Emergency medical technician: A person trained in the performance of the procedures requir...

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Fascia: A flat band of tissue below the skin that covers underlying tissues and separates ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fibrillation: In cardiology, an abnormal and erratic twitching of the heart muscle.

Fungi: Plural of fungus.

Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Gastrointestinal tract: The stomach and intestines. Abbreviated GI tract.

Glomerular: Pertaining to the glomerulus, a tiny structure in the kidney that filters the ...

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Glomeruli: The plural of glomerulus.

Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Heroin: Semisynthetic drug derived from morphine. Discovered in 1874, it was introduced co...

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Hyperkalemia: Elevated potassium in the blood. Hyperkalemia can be caused by taking excess...

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Hyperthermia: Overheating of the body, possibly due to extreme weather conditions. Unrelie...

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Hypothermia: Abnormally low body temperature. Someone who falls asleep in a cold temperatu...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Lethargy: Abnormal drowsiness, stupor.

Lightening: Not to be confused with a discharge of atmospheric electricity, lightening re...

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Lightheadedness: A feeling you are "going to faint." Lightheadedness is medically distinc...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Malignant: 1. Tending to be severe and become progressively worse, as in malignant ...

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Malignant hyperthermia: A series of potentially fatal problems that can occur during surg...

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Membrane: A very thin layer of tissue that covers a 'surface.

Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Microscopic: An object so small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope (for examp...

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Mortality: Susceptible to death.

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Mortality rate: A death rate. There are a number of different types of mortality rates as,...

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Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Myoglobin: The pigment in muscle that carries oxygen.

Narcotic: 1. A drug that causes insensibility or stupor. A narcotic induces narcosi...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nephrologist: A physician specializing in treating diseases of the kidneys.

Normal range: Characteristic of 95 percent of values from a normal population. The remaini...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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PCP: Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.

Plasma: The liquid part of the blood and lymphatic fluid, which makes up about half of the...

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Polymyositis: An autoimmune inflammatory disease of muscle that begins when white blood ce...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Pulse: The rhythmic dilation of an artery that results from beating of the heart. Pulse is...

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Red blood cells: The blood cells that carry oxygen. Red cells contain hemoglobin and it is...

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Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Reuptake: The reabsorption of a secreted substance by the cell that originally produced an...

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Rhabdomyolysis: A condition in which skeletal muscle is broken down, releasing muscle enzy...

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Saline: Relating to salt. As an adjective, "saline" means "salty, containing salt." As a n...

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Seizure: Uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which may produce a physical conv...

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Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that is involved in the transmission of nerve impulses. Sero...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Skeletal: Pertaining to the skeleton, the bones of the body that collectively provide the ...

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Skeletal muscle: Along with smooth and cardiac muscle, one of the types of muscle tissue i...

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Smooth muscle: Along with skeletal and cardiac muscle, one of the types of muscle tissue i...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Spider bites: Bites from spiders. These are usually irritating, but not poisonous. Localiz...

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Statins: A class of drugs that lower cholesterol.

Status epilepticus: An epileptic seizure that lasts more than 30 minutes; a constant or ...

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Stroke: The sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Tachycardia: A rapid heart rate, usually defined as greater than 100 beats per minute.

Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Transfusion: The transfer of blood or blood products from one person (the donor) into the ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Unconscious: 1. Interruption of awareness of oneself and one's surroundings, lack ...

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Urinalysis: A test that is done in order to analyze urine. Because toxins and excess fluid...

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Urine: Liquid waste produced by the kidneys. Urine is a clear, transparent fluid that norm...

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Uterus: A hollow, pear-shaped organ that is located in a woman's lower abdomen, between th...

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Venom: A poison, particularly one secreted by an animal. Examples are bee venom, snake ven...

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Ventricular: Pertaining to the ventricles, the lower chambers of the heart, as in ventricu...

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Ventricular fibrillation: An abnormal and irregular heart rhythm in which there are rapid ...

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Ventricular tachycardia: An abnormal heart rhythm that is rapid and regular and that origi...

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Viruses: Small living particles that can infect cells and change how the cells function. I...

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Vital: Necessary to maintain life. For example, breathing is a vital function.

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Medical Dictionary