Font Size
A
A
A
2
...

Rhabdomyolysis (cont.)

Rhabdomyolysis Causes

Some common causes of the muscle damage due to rhabdomyolysis include:

  • Major blunt trauma and crush injury

  • Electrocution

  • Lightening strikes

  • Major burns

  • Prolonged immobilization (for example, patients who have been lying in one position for a prolonged period of time due to a debilitating stroke, alcohol or drug overdose, or those who have remained unconscious for a prolonged period of time for other reasons). The weight of the body is enough to crush the muscles that are pushed up against a hard surface such as the floor.

  • Excessive exercise, for example, running a marathon or excessive weight lifting

  • Patients in status epilepticus, in which the seizure lasts for a prolonged period of time and muscles involuntarily contract

  • Dystonic reactions cause muscles to spasm, and if left untreated can damage muscle

  • Cholesterol lowering medications [for example, statins prescribed to treat high cholesterol (particularly when combined with other cholesterol lowering medications such as fibrates)]

  • Antidepressant medications [for example selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) antidepressants may cause a serotonin syndrome characterized by agitation, fever, and muscle spasm]

  • Some anesthetics can cause malignant hyperthermia syndrome with high fever and muscle rigidity

  • A variety of drugs of abuse [for example, cocaine, heroin, phencyclidine (PCP), and amphetamines]

  • Hyperthermia and hypothermia (high and low body temperature, respectively)

  • Complications from a variety of infections caused by bacteria, viruses, and fungi

  • Association with other diseases such as sickle cell disease, polymyositis, and dermatomyositis

  • Complications from the venom from snake bites and black widow spider bites.

Must Read Articles Related to Rhabdomyolysis

Chemical Burns
Chemical Burns Chemical burns can occur in the home, at work or school, and as a result of accident or assault. Although few people in the United States die after contact with...learn more >>
Drug Overdose
Drug Overdose Overdoses of drugs or chemicals can be either accidental or intentional. Drug overdoses occur when a person takes more than the medically recommended dose. Howe...learn more >>
Epilepsy
Epilepsy Epilepsy is a condition in which a person has recurrent seizures. A seizure is defined as an abnormal, disorderly discharging of the brain's nerve cells, result...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Rhabdomyolysis:

Rhabdomyolysis - Treatment

What was the treatment for your Rhabdomyolysis?

Rhabdomyolysis - Describe Your Experience

Please describe your experience with Rhabdomyolysis.

Rhabdomyolysis - Symptoms

What symptoms did you experience with your rhabdomyolysis?






Medical Dictionary