Ringworm on Scalp Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Ringworm on Scalp article.

Absorption: Uptake. For example, intestinal absorption is the uptake of food (or other sub...

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Acetic acid: The acid most commonly associated with vinegar. Acetic acid is a two-carbon c...

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Allergic reaction: The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic indiv...

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Antifungal: A medication that limits or prevents the growth of yeasts and other fungal org...

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Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dandruff: A scalp condition that produces white flakes that may be shed and fall from the ...

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Dermatitis: Inflammation of the skin, either due to an inherent skin defect, direct contac...

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Diabetes: Usually refers to diabetes mellitus or, less often, to diabetes insipidus. Diabe...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Forceps: An instrument that has two blades and a handle and is used for handling, grasping...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

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Fungi: Plural of fungus.

Fungus: A single-celled or multicellular organism. Fungi can be true pathogens (such as hi...

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Hair follicle: A sac from which a hair grows and into which the sebaceous (oil) glands ope...

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Hair loss: Hair loss is the thinning of hair on the scalp. The medical term for hair loss ...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Keratin: A protein found in the upper layer of the skin, hair, and nails, and in animal ho...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur wit...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Microscopy: The examination of minute objects by means of a microscope, an instrument whic...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Psoriasis: A reddish, scaly rash often located over the surfaces of the elbows, knees, sca...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Scaling: Abnormal shedding or accumulation of an upper layer of skin (the stratum corneum)...

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Scalp ringworm: A superficial fungus infection of the skin, affecting the scalp. Also know...

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Seborrheic dermatitis: A medical name for what is popularly called seborrhea.

Selenium: An essential mineral that is a component of an antioxidant enzyme, glutathione r...

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Stratum corneum: The stratum corneum refers to the outermost layer of the epidermis, whic...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tinea capitis: A fungal infection (known as ringworm) of the scalp. This disorder occurs m...

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Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Zinc: A mineral that is essential to the body and is a constituent of many enzymes that pe...

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Medical Dictionary