Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Aerobic: Oxygen-requiring. Aerobic bacteria need oxygen to grow. Aerobic exercise requires...

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American dog tick: The tick most commonly responsible for transmitting R. rickettsii, the ...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Blindness: Loss of useful sight. Blindness can be temporary or permanent. Damage to any p...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Boutonneuse: Fievre boutonneuse or African tick typhus, one of the tick-borne rickettsial ...

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Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Coma: A state of deep, unarousable unconsciousness. A coma may occur as a result of head t...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Doxycycline: Brand name: Vibramycin. A synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from te...

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Electrolyte: A substance that dissociates into ions in solution and acquires the capacity ...

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Endothelial: Relating to the endothelium.

Eukaryotic: Pertaining to eukaryotes.

Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fetus: An unborn offspring, from the embryo stage (the end of the eighth week after concep...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Fungi: Plural of fungus.

Gangrene: Tissue death due to loss of adequate blood supply. Sometimes bacteria invade suc...

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Gram stain: The Danish bacteriologist J.M.C. Gram (1853-1938) devised a method of staining...

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Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hyponatremia: Low sodium in the blood. Hyponatremia can be caused by many conditions and w...

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ICU: Intensive care unit. The intensive care unit is a designated area of a hospital facil...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Immunity: The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate'for example, humans are in...

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Immunocompromised: Having an immune system that has been impaired by disease or medical tr...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Intensive care: See critical care.

Iodine: An element in the diet that is essential for the manufacture of hormones by the th...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lumbar: Referring to the five lumbar vertebrae, the disks below them, and the correspondin...

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Lumbar puncture: A procedure in which cerebrospinal fluid is removed from the spinal canal...

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Lyme disease: An inflammatory disease that is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi...

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Macules: Small circumscribed changes in the color of skin that are neither raised (eleva...

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Measles: An acute and highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever, runny nose,...

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Membrane: A very thin layer of tissue that covers a 'surface.

Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Mortality: A fatal outcome or, in one word, death. The word "mortality" is derived from "m...

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Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nematodes: Roundworms.

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Nerve: A bundle of fibers that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit sensory an...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Nucleus: 1) In cell biology, the structure that houses the chromosomes. 2) In neuroanato...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Paralysis: Loss of voluntary movement (motor function). Paralysis that affects only one mu...

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Photosensitivity: Oversensitivity of skin to light. Photosensitivity can be a side effect ...

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Platelet: An irregular, disc-shaped element in the blood that assists in blood clotting....

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Q fever: An infectious disease due to the bacterium Coxiella burnetii whose symptoms inclu...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Reportable disease: A disease that must be reported to federal, state, or local health off...

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Rickettsia: A member of a group of microorganisms that (like viruses) require other livin...

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RMSF: Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Skin color: The color of skin which is complexly determined. Skin color depends on many fa...

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Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Spotted fever: Also known as Rocky Mountain spotted fever. An acute febrile (feverish) dis...

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Symptom: Any subjective evidence of disease. In contrast, a sign is objective. Blood comin...

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Thrombocytopenia: : A low platelet count. Platelets are irregular, disc-shaped element in ...

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Tick: A small wingless bloodsucking insect that, along with the mite, belongs to the order...

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Tick bite: A bite from a bloodsucking, parasitic insect that punctures the skin with a sha...

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Tick-borne disease: A disease carried by or caused by a tick. The tick-borne diseases in t...

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Ticks: Small wingless bloodsucking insects that, along with the mite, belongs to the order...

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Tooth: One of the structures within the mouth that allow for biting and chewing. Teeth hav...

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Tularemia: A bacterial disease that is caused by infection with the bacterium Francisella ...

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Vascular: Relating to blood vessels. For example, the vascular system in the body includes...

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Vector: In medicine, a carrier of disease or of medication. For example, in malaria a mosq...

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Ventilation: The exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere so that oxygen can ...

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Vibramycin: Brand name for doxycycline.

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Medical Dictionary