Rotator Cuff Injury Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Rotator Cuff Injury article.

Abduction: The movement of a limb away from the midline of the body. The opposite of abduc...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acromion: The projection of the scapula (the shoulder blade) that forms the point of the s...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Acute pain: Pain that comes on quickly, can be severe, but lasts a relatively shorter peri...

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Aging: The process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environ...

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Anatomy: The study of human or animal form, by observation or examination of the living be...

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Anterior: The front, as opposed to the posterior. The anterior surface of the heart is tow...

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Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Breathing: The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through ...

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Calcification: The process of suffusing tissues with calcium salts.

Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Capsule: Capsule has many meanings in medicine including the following:

  1. In medici...

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Cartilage: Firm, rubbery tissue that cushions bones at joints. A flexible kind of cartilag...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Clavicle: The bone extending from the breastbone (sternum) at the base of the front of the...

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Collarbone: A horizontal bone above the first rib that makes up the front part of the shou...

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Computerized tomography: Pictures of structures within the body created by a computer that...

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Cone: A type of specialized light-sensitive cell (photoreceptor) in the retina of the eye ...

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Deltoid: The muscle, roughly triangular in shape, that stretches from the collarbone (clav...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Extremity: An uttermost part of the body, such as a hand or a foot.

Family physician: A physician who is educated and trained in family practice.

Gallbladder: A pear-shaped organ located below the liver that stores the bile secreted by ...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Humerus: The long bone in the upper arm that extends from the shoulder to the elbow.

Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Injury: Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The word injure may be in physical or emot...

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Joint: The area where two bones are attached for the purpose of permitting body parts to m...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Labrum: In medicine, a ring of fibrocartilage (fibrous cartilage) around the edge of the a...

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Magnetic resonance imaging: A procedure that uses magnetism, radio waves, and a computer t...

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MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging.

Muscle: Muscle is the tissue of the body which primarily functions as a source of power. T...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Normal range: Characteristic of 95 percent of values from a normal population. The remaini...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Pharmacist: A professional who fills prescriptions and, in the case of a compounding pharm...

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Physical therapist: A person who is trained and certified by a state or accrediting body t...

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Physical therapy: A branch of rehabilitative health that uses specially designed exercises...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Radiologist: A physician specialized in radiology, the branch of medicine that uses ionizi...

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Range of motion: The full movement potential of a joint, usually its range of flexion and ...

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Referral: The recommendation of a medical or paramedical professional. If you get a refer...

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Referred pain: Pain felt at a site other than where the cause is situated. An example is t...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Rotator cuff: A group of four tendons that stabilize the shoulder joint. Each of these ten...

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Scapula: The shoulder blade (or "wingbone"), the familiar flat triangular bone at the back...

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Sensation: In medicine and physiology, sensation refers to the registration of an incoming...

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Shoulder: A structure made up of two main bones: the scapula (shoulder blade) and the hume...

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Shoulder blade: The familiar flat triangular bone at the back of the shoulder. Known famil...

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Shoulder joint: The flexible ball-and-socket joint formed by the junction of the humerus...

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Shoulder pain: Pain in the shoulder due to an injury or disease. The design of the shoulde...

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Sleep: The body's rest cycle.

Sodium: The major positive ion (cation) in the fluid surrounding cells in the body. The ch...

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Spasm: A brief, automatic jerking movement. A muscle spasm can be quite painful, with the ...

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Spine: 1) The column of bone known as the vertebral column, which surrounds and protects ...

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Sprain: An injury to a ligament that results from overuse or trauma. The treatment of a sp...

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Steroid: One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon struc...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Stress: In a medical or biological context stress is a physical, mental, or emotional fact...

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Subscapularis muscle: A muscle that moves the arm by turning it inward (internal rotatio...

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Supraspinatus muscle: The muscle that elevates the arm and moves it away from the body. Th...

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Surgeon: A physician who treats disease, injury, or deformity via operative or manual meth...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Tear: A drop of the salty secretion of the lacrimal glands which serves to moisten the con...

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Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon (the tissue by which muscle attaches to bone). Tendin...

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Tendon: The soft tissue by which muscle attaches to bone. Tendons are somewhat flexible, b...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Tomography: The process for generating a tomogram, a two-dimensional image of a slice or s...

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Trauma: A physical or emotional injury.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Warfarin: An anticoagulant drug (brand names: Coumarin, Panwarfin, Sofarin) taken to prev...

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Wasting: 1. Gradual loss (for example, of weight), deterioration, emaciation. As in...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary