Rotavirus Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Rotavirus article.

Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Ad lib: Abbreviation for the Latin "ad libitum" meaning "at pleasure" and "at one's pleas...

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Adenovirus: One of a group of viruses that can cause infections of the lung, stomach, inte...

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American Academy of Pediatrics: AAP. Its member pediatricians "dedicate their efforts and ...

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Aspirin: Once the Bayer trademark for acetylsalicylic acid, now the common name for this a...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Breast milk: Milk from the breast. Human milk contains a balance of nutrients that close...

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Carbohydrates: Mainly sugars and starches, together constituting one of the three principa...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Chemotherapy: 1. In the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically k...

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Chronic: In medicine, lasting a long time. A chronic condition is one that lasts 3 months ...

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Circulatory: Having to do with circulation, the movement of fluid in a regular or circuito...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that cau...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Gastroenteritis: Inflammation of the stomach and the intestines. Gastroenteritis can cause...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Intestinal obstruction: Blockage of the intestine by infolding (intussusception), malform...

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Intussusception: Infolding (prolapse) of a portion of the intestine within another immedia...

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Lactobacillus: A bacterium normally found in the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina. Lact...

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Lethargy: Abnormal drowsiness, stupor.

Malnutrition: A term used to refer to any condition in which the body does not receive eno...

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Morbidity: Illness, disease.

Norovirus: A group of viruses that are a common cause of food poisoning and acute gastroen...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Nutrition: 1: The process of taking in food and using it for growth, metabolism, and repai...

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Obstruction: Blockage of a passageway. See, for example: Airway obstruction; Intestinal o...

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Outpatient: A patient who is not hospitalized, but instead comes to a physician?s office, ...

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Pediatrics: The field of medicine that is concerned with the health of infants, children, ...

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Probiotics: live microorganisms (usually bacteria) that are similar to beneficial microor...

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Resolution: In genetics, the degree of molecular detail on a physical map of DNA. Resoluti...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Rotavirus: A virus that is a leading cause of severe diarrhea and dehydration in young chi...

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Runny nose: The production of extra mucus by the nose. Rhinorrhea is the medical term for ...

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Saliva: a watery secretion in the mouth produced by the salivary glands that aids in the d...

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Supportive care: Treatment given to prevent, control, or relieve complications and side ef...

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Therapeutic: Relating to therapeutics, the branch of medicine that is concerned specifical...

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Urinary: Having to do with the function or anatomy of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or ur...

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Vaccination: Injection of a killed microbe in order to stimulate the immune system against...

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Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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Yogurt: A dairy product made by fermented milk with one or more bacterial cultures. It has...

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Zinc: A mineral that is essential to the body and is a constituent of many enzymes that pe...

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Deficiency, zinc: According to the National Academy of Sciences, the Recommended Dietary A...

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