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Running (cont.)

Synonyms and Keywords

running, jogging, tips, benefits, training program, races, history, cross country, beginner tips, shoes, techniques, workouts, breathing tips, running a mile, injuries, training schedules for running, proper running techniques, health benefits, lose weight, which muscles benefit most from running, distance running, famous runners, correct running form, facts, calories burned

Author and Editor

Author: Richard Weil, MEd, CDE

Editor: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Chief Medical Editor,


Bramble, D. M., Lieberman, D. E. Endurance running and the evolution of Homo. Nature. 2004 Nov 18;432(7015):345-52.

Browning, R. C., et al. The effects of adding mass to the legs on the energetics and biomechanics of walking. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007 Mar;39(3):515-25.

Butts, N., et al. Energy costs of walking on a dual-action treadmill in men and women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995 Jan;27(1):121-5.

Porcari, J. P., et al. The physiological responses to walking with and without Power Poles on treadmill exercise. Res Q Exerc Sport. 1997 Jun;68(2):161-6.

Munro, C. F. et al. (1987). Ground reaction forces in running: a reexamination. J Biomech, 20, 147-156

The Recommended Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Cardiorespiratory and Muscular Fitness, and Flexibility in Healthy Adults Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise Volume 30, Number 6, June 1998.

van Gent, B. R. N., et al. Incidence and determinants of lower extremity running injuries in long distance runners: A systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2007 May 1. 11/17/2007. 11/18/2007. 11/18/2007. 11/18/2007. 11/18/2007. 11/23/2007. 11/23/2007. 11/23/2007. 11/24/2007.

Last Editorial Review: 12/11/2007

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Therapeutic Exercise »

DeLateur defined therapeutic exercise as the prescription of bodily movement to correct an impairment, improve musculoskeletal function, or maintain a state of well-being

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