Salmonella Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Salmonella article.

Abdomen: The belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the...

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Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Amebic dysentery: Inflammation of the intestine due to infection with the ameba Entamoeba ...

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Aneurysm: A localized widening (dilatation) of an artery, a vein, or the heart. At the poi...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat infections caused by bacteria and other microorganisms. ...

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Aortic: Pertaining to the aorta, the largest artery in the body.

Aortic aneurysm: An outpouching (a local widening) of the largest artery in the body, the ...

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Bacteremia: The presence of live bacteria in the bloodstream. Bacteremia is analogous to ...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Bile: Bile is a yellow-green fluid that is made by the liver, stored in the gallbladder a...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Botulism: An uncommon but potentially very serious illness, a type of food poisoning, that...

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Bradycardia: A slow heart rate, usually defined as less than 60 beats per minute.

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Brucellosis: An infectious disease characterized by rising and lowering (undulant) fever, ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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CBC: A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Cell: The basic structural and functional unit of any living thing. Each cell is a small c...

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: The US agency charged with tracking and invest...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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CT scan: Computerized tomography scan. Pictures of structures within the body created by a...

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Dehydration: Excessive loss of body water. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that ca...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Diarrhea: A common condition that involves unusually frequent and liquid bowel movements. ...

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Dysentery: Inflammation of the intestine, with pain, diarrhea, bloody stools, and often a ...

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Endemic: Present in a community at all times but in relatively low frequency. Something t...

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Enteric: Of or relating to the small intestine.

Fecal: Relating to the feces, the stool. The excrement discharged from the intestines.

Feces: The excrement discharged from the 'intestines.

Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 degr...

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Focal: Pertaining to a focus which in medicine may refer to:
1. The point at ...

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Food poisoning: A common flu-like illness typically characterized by nausea, vomiting and...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Gallbladder: A pear-shaped organ located below the liver that stores the bile secreted by ...

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Gastric: Having to do with the stomach.

Gastroenteritis: Inflammation of the stomach and the intestines. Gastroenteritis can cause...

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Gastrointestinal: Adjective referring collectively to the stomach and small and large inte...

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Genetic: Having to do with genes and genetic
information.

Giardia: A genus of protozoa that infect the gastrointestinal tract of some animals, incl...

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Hydrocephalus: Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the v...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Immune system: A complex system that is responsible for distinguishing a person from every...

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Immunity: The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate'for example, humans are in...

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Immunization: Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natur...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Intervention: The act of intervening, interfering or interceding with the intent of modify...

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Intestine: The long, tubelike organ in the abdomen that completes the process of digestion...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Mortality: A fatal outcome or, in one word, death. The word "mortality" is derived from "m...

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Mortality rate: A death rate. There are a number of different types of mortality rates as,...

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Myocarditis: Inflammation of the myocardium, the heart muscle.

Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Nephritis: Inflammation of the kidney, which causes impaired kidney function. Nephritis ca...

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Nomenclature: A system of names used in a particular discipline, as in medicine and surger...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Parasitic: Having to do with a parasite, as in a parasitic infection; or acting like a par...

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Pediatric: Pertaining to children.

Poisoning: Taking a substance that is injurious to health or can cause death. Poisoning i...

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Prevalence: The proportion of individuals in a population having a disease or characterist...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Protein: One of the three nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Protein...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Psychosis: In the general sense, a mental illness that markedly interferes with a person'...

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Public health: The approach to medicine that is concerned with the health of the community...

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Resistance: Opposition to something, or the ability to withstand something. For example, s...

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Risk factor: Something that increases a person's chances of developing a disease. For exam...

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Rotavirus: A virus that is a leading cause of severe diarrhea and dehydration in young chi...

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Salmonella: A group of bacteria that cause typhoid fever and a number of other illnesses...

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Salmonellosis: Infection with bacteria belonging to the genus Salmonella. Salmonellosi...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Sensitivity: 1. In psychology, the quality of being sensitive. As, for example, sen...

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Sepsis: The presence of bacteria (bacteremia), other infectious organisms, or toxins creat...

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Septic: Infected, or denoting infection. For example, septic shock is shock that is caused...

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Shigellosis: Epidemic and opportunistic (causes disease when the immune system is suppress...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Strain: 1. An injury to a tendon or muscle resulting from overuse or trauma. 2. A heredita...

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Surgery: The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or inj...

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Sweating: The act of secreting fluid from the skin by the sweat (sudoriferous) glands. The...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Typhoid: See: Typhoid fever.

Typhoid fever: An acute illness characterized by fever caused by infection with the bacter...

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Typhoid Mary: A chronic carrier of the agent of typhoid fever, or the chronic carrier of t...

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Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves. Ultra-sound waves can be bounced off tissues by us...

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Vaccination: Injection of a killed microbe in order to stimulate the immune system against...

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Vaccines: Microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms that can stimulate a...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Virulent: Extremely noxious, damaging, deleterious, and disease causing (pathogenic); mark...

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Medical Dictionary