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Salmonella (cont.)

When to Seek Medical Care

About 80% of cases of salmonellosis are self-limiting and require no medical intervention. About 20% result in dehydration or have other complications that should be treated with medical help. If fever lasts longer than three days, if the diarrhea is bloody, if the person becomes weak and dizzy, or if abdominal pain is intense, medical help is probably needed. Patients who are compromised in any way (cancer, AIDS, the elderly, infants) should seek medical care soon after symptoms arise, especially if they have had any recent travel to a developing country. Anyone with initial symptoms of typhoid or paratyphoid fever (fever over four to seven days, diarrhea, weakness, abdominal pain), especially if they have had recent travel to developing countries, should seek medical care immediately.

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