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Complications of Salmonella Infection
The majority of patients with salmonellosis have no complications. However, patients who are immune compromised may develop some complications similar to those for typhoid fever. Complications that may occur with typhoid fever (and less frequently for paratyphoid fever) are numerous and occur in about 30% of untreated or undertreated infections. The patient may exhibit one or more complications, with a mortality rate (death) of about 1%-2%. The following is a partial list of some of the most serious complications of typhoid fever: meningitis, psychosis, hydrocephalus, sepsis, intestinal perforation, myocarditis, abscesses, aortic aneurysm, nephritis, and a persistent carrier state. There are many other problems that can occur with most organ systems in the body. Early diagnosis and appropriate antibiotic therapy greatly reduce the complication rate.
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