Sarcoidosis Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Sarcoidosis article.

Abnormal: Outside the expected norm, or uncharacteristic of a particular patient.

Acne: Localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of the oil glands at the bas...

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Alveolitis: Inflammation of the alveoli, the air sacs in the lungs.

Angiotensin: A family of peptides that constrict blood vessels. Narrowing the diameter of ...

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Angiotensin converting enzyme: Usually abbreviated ACE.

Arms: An appendage in anatomy and in clinical trials. See: Arm.

Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, w...

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Belly: That part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and t...

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Berylliosis: Beryllium poisoning. See: Beryllium.

Beryllium: A toxic metal found in ores containing other elements that is used in making me...

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Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for examination under a microscope to check for ...

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Blood pressure: The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. It is...

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Blood sugar: Blood glucose. See also: High blood sugar; Low blood sugar.

Brain: The portion of the central nervous system that is located within the skull. It func...

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Bronchoscope: A thin, flexible instrument with a lighted viewing tube that is used to visu...

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Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

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Calcium: A mineral found mainly in the hard part of bones, where it is stored. Calcium is ...

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Cancer: An abnormal growth of cells which tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, ...

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Carbon dioxide: A gas which is the byproduct of cellular metabolism and which collects in ...

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Cardiac: Having to do with the heart.

Cataract: A clouding or loss of transparency of the lens in the eye as a result of tissu...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chest X-ray: A type of X-ray commonly used to detect abnormalities in the lungs. A chest X...

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Clinical trials: Trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of medications or medical...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Corticosteroid: Any of the steroid hormones made by the outer portion (cortex) of the adre...

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Cough: A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs, typically in order to clear the lung airwa...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Cutaneous: Related to the skin.

Dermatitis: Inflammation of the skin, either due to an inherent skin defect, direct contac...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dysfunction: Difficult function or abnormal function.

Dyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing; shortness of breath. Dyspnea is a sign of serious...

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Enzyme: Proteins that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction in a living organism. An e...

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Erythema: Redness of the skin that results from capillary congestion. Erythema can occur w...

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Erythema nodosum: An inflammatory reaction that occurs deep in the skin and is characteriz...

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Fatigue: A condition characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency ...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Fungal: Pertaining to a fungus. For example, a fungal skin infection.

Gallium: A rare metal with the atomic weight 69. There are several isotopic forms of galli...

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Granuloma: A granuloma is one of a number of forms of localized nodular inflammation fou...

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Heart: The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. ...

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Hepatic: Having to do with the liver.

High blood pressure: A repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg. Chro...

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High blood sugar: An elevated level of the sugar glucose in the blood. Also called hypergl...

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Hypercalcemia: A higher-than-normal level of calcium in the blood. Hypercalcemia can be a ...

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Hyperglycemia: A high blood sugar. An elevated level specifically of the sugar glucose in...

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Hypersensitivity pneumonitis: a type of inflammation of the lung that develops from breath...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Immune response: Any reaction by the immune system. For example, poison ivy can cause an i...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Indication: 1. In medicine, a condition which makes a particular treatment or proce...

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Inflammation: A localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a ...

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Kidney: One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of the abdomen. The kid...

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Kveim test: A skin test for detecting sarcoidosis, a disease of unknown origin that causes...

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Lavage: Washing out. Gastric lavage, for example, is the washing out of the stomach to rem...

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Leg: In popular usage, the part of the body from the top of the thigh down to the foot, an...

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Liver: The largest solid organ in the body, situated in the upper part of the abdomen on t...

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Lungs: The lungs are a pair of breathing organs located with the chest which remove carbon...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Microscopic: An object so small it cannot be seen without the aid of microscope (for examp...

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Necrosis: The death of living cells or tissues. Necrosis can be due, for example, to ische...

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Neurological: Having to do with the nerves or the nervous system as, for example, a neurol...

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Night sweats: Severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. Nigh...

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Organ: A relatively independent part of the body that carries out one or more special func...

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Oxygen: The odorless gas that is present in the air and necessary to maintain life. Oxygen...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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PFT: Pulmonary function test.

Potassium: The major positive ion (cation) found inside cells. The chemical notation for p...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Pulmonary: Having to do with the lungs.

Radioactive: Emitting energy waves due to decaying atomic nuclei. Radioactive substances a...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Refractory: Not yielding, or not yielding readily, to treatment.

Relapse: The return of signs and symptoms of a disease after a remission.

Renal: Having to do with the kidney. For example, renal cancer is cancer of the kidneys.

Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of joint...

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Sarcoidosis: A disease of unknown origin that causes small lumps (granulomas) due to chron...

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Scan: As a noun, the data or image obtained from the examination of organs or regions of...

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Serum: The clear liquid that can be separated from clotted blood. Serum differs from plas...

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Shortness of breath: Difficulty in breathing. Medically referred to as dyspnea. Shortness ...

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Spleen: An organ that is located in the upper-left part of the abdomen, not far from the s...

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Stomach: The digestive organ that is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. The upp...

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Subcutaneous: Under the skin. For example, a subcutaneous injection is an injection in whi...

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Substance: 1. Material with particular features.
2. The material that...

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Therapy: The treatment of disease. Therapy is synonymous with treatment.

Trigger: Something that either sets off a disease in people who are genetically predispose...

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Tuberculosis: A highly contagious infection caused by the bacterium called Mycobacteriu...

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Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be ...

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Tumor necrosis factor: One of multiple proteins capable of inducing necrosis (death) of tu...

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Ulcer: A lesion that is eroding away the skin or mucous membrane. Ulcers can have various ...

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Vein: A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen content from the body back t...

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Virus: A microorganism that is smaller than a bacterium that cannot grow or reproduce apar...

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Vitamin D: A steroid vitamin which promotes the intestinal absorption and metabolism of ca...

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Weight loss: Weight loss is a decrease in body weight resulting from either voluntary (die...

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X-ray: High-energy radiation with waves shorter than those of visible light. X-ray is used...

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Medical Dictionary