Scabies Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Scabies article.

Acquired: Not inherited, or present at birth (congenital), but developing after birth. For...

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Allergic reaction: The hypersensitive response of the immune system of an allergic indiv...

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Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterial: Of or pertaining to bacteria, as in a bacterial lung infection.

Breastfeeding: Feeding a child human breast milk. According to the American Academy of Ped...

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Bumps: The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured b...

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Calamine: An astringent made from zinc carbonate or zinc oxide, customarily used in lotion...

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CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency charged with tracking a...

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Chiggers: The larvae of one type of mites, of the family Trombiculidae. The larvae, or juv...

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Contact dermatitis: A skin condition caused by contact between skin and some substance. In...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Contrast: Short for "contrast media." Contrast media are X-ray dyes used to provide contra...

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Cure: 1. To heal, to make well, to restore to good health. 2. A time withou...

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Dermatitis: Inflammation of the skin, either due to an inherent skin defect, direct contac...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Dizziness: Painless head discomfort with many possible causes including disturbances of ...

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Dry skin: Abnormally dry skin. Can be caused by a dry climate, winter weather, severe defi...

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Eczema (dermatitis): A particular type of inflammatory reaction of the skin in which there...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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FDA: Food and Drug Administration.

Feces: The excrement discharged from the 'intestines.

Genital: Pertaining to the external and/or internal organs of reproduction.

Groin: The area where the thigh meets the hip.

Head lice: Pediculus humanus capitis, parasitic insects found on the heads of people. Head...

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Hives: A raised, itchy area of skin that may be a sign of an allergic reaction. It can be ...

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Hydrogen: The most plentiful element in the universe and one present in all organic compou...

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Immune: Protected against infection, usually by the presence of antibodies.

Impetigo: A skin infection caused by the staphylococcus or, less often, by the streptococc...

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Indicate: In medicine, to make a treatment or procedure advisable because of a particular ...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Itching: An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on ...

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Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Lens: The transparent structure inside the eye that focuses light rays onto the retina.

Lindane: An organochlorine pesticide and nerve poison. Also a suspected carcinogen (cancer...

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Lips: Aside from the lips of the mouth, there are two pairs of lips at the entrance to the...

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Marker: A piece of DNA that lies on a chromosome so close to a gene that the marker and t...

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Microscope: An optical instrument that augments the power of the eye to see small objects....

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Mite: A tiny eight-legged creature belonging to the Order Acarina related to spiders and t...

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Mucous: Pertaining to mucus, a thick fluid produced by the lining of some tissues of the b...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nodular: Bumpy.

Nursing: 1) Profession concerned with the provision of services essential to the maintena...

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Nursing home: A residential facility for people with chronic illness or disability, partic...

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Ointment: An oil-based preparation that is applied to the skin. Whereas an ointment has an...

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Penis: The external male sex organ. The penis contains two chambers, the corpora cavernosa...

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Pimples: Small papules or pustules. See: Pimple.

Poisoning: Taking a substance that is injurious to health or can cause death. Poisoning i...

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Predispose: To make more likely or render susceptible. Smoking predisposes to a number of ...

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Pregnant: The state of carrying a developing fetus within the body.

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Proteins: Large molecules composed of one or more chains of amino acids in a specific orde...

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Pus: A thick, whitish-yellow fluid that results from the accumulation of white blood cells...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Saline: Relating to salt. As an adjective, "saline" means "salty, containing salt." As a n...

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Scabies: Infestation of the skin by the human itch mite, Sarcoptes scabiei. The ini...

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Sexually transmitted disease: Any disease transmitted by sexual contact; caused by microor...

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Shingles: An acute infection caused by the herpes zoster virus, the same virus as causes c...

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STD: Sexually transmitted disease.

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Syndrome: A combination of symptoms and signs that together represent a disease process.

Toddler: A young child who is learning to walk with short unsteady steps. The word toddle ...

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Topical: Pertaining to a particular surface area. For example, a topical agent is applied ...

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Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Wrist: The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones a...

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Medical Dictionary