Scarlet Fever Glossary of Terms

The following are health and medical definitions of terms that appear in the Scarlet Fever article.

Abdominal: Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of ...

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Abdominal pain: Pain in the belly. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic. It may reflect ...

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Abscess: A local accumulation of pus anywhere in the body. The following are some example...

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Acetaminophen: A nonaspirin pain reliever or analgesic. Acetaminophen may be given alone t...

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Acute: Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness th...

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Adenitis: Inflammation of a lymph gland. From the aden-, gland + -itis, inflammation.

Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral...

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Antibody: An immunoglobulin, a specialized immune protein, produced because of the introdu...

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Antigen: A substance that the immune system perceives as being foreign or dangerous. The b...

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Asymptomatic: Without symptoms. For example, an asymptomatic infection is an infection wit...

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Axilla: Armpit.

Bacteria: Single-celled microorganisms that can exist either as independent (free-living) ...

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Bacterium: The singular of bacteria.

Blood count: The calculated number of white or red blood cells (WBCs or RBCs) in a cubic m...

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Capillaries: Capillaries are the smallest of blood vessels. They serve to distribute oxyge...

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Cervical: Having to do with any kind of neck, including the neck on which the head is perc...

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Chest: The area of the body located between the neck and the abdomen. The chest contains t...

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Chills: feelings of coldness accompanied by shivering. Chills may develop after exposure t...

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Complete blood count: A set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These meas...

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Complication: In medicine, an unanticipated problem that arises following, and is a result...

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Contagious: capable of being transmitted from one human to another human via direct or ind...

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Desquamation: The shedding of the outer layers of the skin. For example, when the rash of ...

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Diagnosis: 1 The nature of a disease; the identification of an illness. 2 A ...

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Elbow: The juncture of the long bones in the middle portion of the upper extremity. The bo...

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Erythromycin: Erythromycin is a common antibiotic for treating bacterial infection. Sold...

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Exudate: A fluid rich in protein and cellular elements that oozes out of blood vessels due...

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Fever: Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37...

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Groin: The area where the thigh meets the hip.

Headache: A pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the he...

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Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver, irrespective of the cause. Hepatitis is caused by a ...

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Hygiene: The science of preventive medicine and the preservation of health. Also commonly ...

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Ibuprofen: A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is commonly used to treat pa...

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Immunity: The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate'for example, humans are in...

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Impetigo: A skin infection caused by the staphylococcus or, less often, by the streptococc...

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Incidence: The frequency with which something, such as a disease or trait, appears in a pa...

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Incubation period: In medicine, the time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agen...

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Infection: The invasion and multiplication of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, an...

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Inguinal: Having to do with the groin.

Knee: The knee is a joint which has three parts. The thigh bone (the femur) meets the lar...

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Laboratory: A place for doing tests and research procedures, and for preparing chemicals a...

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Lymph: The almost colorless fluid that travels through the lymphatic system, carrying cell...

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Lymphadenopathy: Abnormally enlarged lymph nodes. Commonly called swollen glands.

Malaise: A vague feeling of discomfort, one that cannot be pinned down but is often sensed...

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Medical history: 1. In clinical medicine, the patient's past and present which may ...

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Meningitis: Inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and t...

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Mortality: Susceptible to death.

Mouth: 1. The upper opening of the digestive tract, beginning with the lips and con...

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Nausea: Stomach queasiness, the urge to vomit. Nausea can be brought on by many causes, in...

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Neck: The part of the body joining the head to the shoulders. Also, any narrow or constric...

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Nose: The external midline projection from the face. The purpose of the nose is to warm, c...

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Onset: In medicine, the first appearance of the signs or symptoms of an illness as, for ex...

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Otitis: Inflammation of the ear. Depending upon which part of the ear is inflammed, there ...

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Otitis media: Inflammation of the middle ear characterized by the accumulation of infected...

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Pain: An unpleasant sensation that can range from mild, localized discomfort to agony. Pa...

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Penicillin: The most famous of all antibiotics, named for the fungal mold Penicillium n...

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Peritonsillar abscess: A collection of pus behind the tonsils that pushes one of the tonsi...

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Pharyngeal: Having to do with the pharynx (throat).

Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the pharynx. Pharyngitis is a common cause of sore throat.

Pneumonia: Inflammation of one or both lungs, with dense areas of lung inflammation. Pneum...

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Popliteal: Referring to the back of the knee. For example, the popliteal fossa is the holl...

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Popliteal fossa: The hollow behind the knee.

Prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or dev...

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Prognosis: The forecast of the probable outcome or course of a disease; the patient's chan...

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Rapid strep test: A diagnostic test commonly used to demonstrate whether streptococcus bac...

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Rash: Breaking out (eruption) of the skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical c...

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Respiratory: Having to do with respiration.

Rheumatic fever: An illness that occurs following a streptococcus infection (such as a "st...

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Scarlatina: Also called scarlet fever, a disease caused by infection with group A streptoc...

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Scarlet fever: A skin condition that is due to a streptococcal sore throat or any other st...

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Septicemia: Systemic (bodywide) illness with toxicity due to invasion of the bloodstream b...

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Sequelae: See: Sequela.

Sinusitis: Inflammation of the lining membrane in any of the hollow areas (sinuses) of the...

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Sore: 1. (adjective) A popular term for painful, such as a sore throat. 2. (...

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Sore throat: Pain in the throat. Sore throat may be caused by many different causes, inclu...

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Strep: Very commonly used shortened form of Streptococcus, a very common and import...

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Strep throat: Strep throat is an infection caused by a type of bacteria called streptococc...

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Streptococcus: A group of bacteria that causes a multitude of diseases. Under a microscope...

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Streptococcus pyogenes: A common bacteria that causes strep throat (streptococcal p...

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Throat: The throat is the anterior (front) portion of the neck beginning at the back of th...

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Tongue: A strong muscle that is anchored to the floor of the mouth. The tongue is covered ...

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Tonsils: Small masses of lymphoid tissue at the back and on both sides of the throat.

Toxin: A poison produced by certain animals, plants, or bacteria.

Tylenol: See: Acetaminophen.

Viral: Of or pertaining to a virus. For example, if a person has a viral rash, the rash wa...

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Viral infection: Infection caused by the presence of a virus in the body. Depending on th...

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