Font Size

Scarlet Fever (cont.)

Scarlet Fever Prognosis

Generally speaking, the prognosis for individuals diagnosed with scarlet fever is excellent when properly treated. There are typically no long-term sequelae in uncomplicated cases of scarlet fever. Individuals will generally begin to improve after a few days. Historically, scarlet fever resulted in mortality rates of 15%-20%, however, with the advent of antibiotics, mortality rates are now less than 1%.

Rarely, several serious complications can occur as a result of scarlet fever and streptococcal infection. Potential complication may include the following:

Medically reviewed by Robert Cox, MD; American Board of Internal Medicine with subspecialty in Infectious Disease


American Academy of Pediatrics (2009). Group A streptococcal infections. In LK Pickering et al., eds., Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 28th ed., pp. 616–628. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.

Balentine, Jerry, and Daniel P. Lombardi. "Scarlet Fever." Mar. 19, 2010. <>.

Dyne, Pamela L., and Peter Bloomfield. "Pediatrics, Scarlet Fever." July 9, 2010. <>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Scarlet Fever." Apr. 13, 2008. <

Zabawski, Edward J. "Scarlet Fever." Apr. 28, 2009. <>.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 9/1/2015
Medical Author:

Must Read Articles Related to Scarlet Fever

Abdominal Pain (Adults)
Abdominal Pain in Adults Abdominal pain in adults can range from a mild stomach ache to severe pain. Examples of causes of abdominal pain in adults include appendicitis, gallbladder dis...learn more >>
Abdominal Pain in Children
Abdominal Pain in Children Abdominal pain in children can range from trivial to life-threatening. Some possible causes of abdominal pain in children are: infections, food related (food al...learn more >>
Antibiotics Antibiotics are prescribed to individuals to ...learn more >>

Patient Comments & Reviews

The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about Scarlet Fever:

Scarlet Fever - Symptoms

What were the symptoms of your scarlet fever?

Scarlet Fever - Treatment

What was the treatment for your scarlet fever?

Medical Dictionary