Scarlet Fever (cont.)
Scarlet Fever Prognosis
Generally speaking, the prognosis for individuals diagnosed with scarlet fever is excellent when properly treated. There are typically no long-term sequelae in uncomplicated cases of scarlet fever. Individuals will generally begin to improve after a few days. Historically, scarlet fever resulted in mortality rates of 15%-20%, however, with the advent of antibiotics, mortality rates are now less than 1%.
Rarely, several serious complications can occur as a result of scarlet fever and streptococcal infection. Potential complication may include the following:
- Otitis media
- Cervical adenitis
- Peritonsillar abscess
- Acute rheumatic fever
- Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (damage to the kidneys)
Medically reviewed by Margaret Walsh, MD; American Board of Pediatrics
Last Editorial Review: 4/8/2014
Author: Steve Doerr, MD
Editor: Jerry Balentine, DO, FACEP
American Academy of Pediatrics (2009). Group A streptococcal infections. In LK Pickering et al., eds., Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 28th ed., pp. 616–628. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.
Balentine, Jerry, and Daniel P. Lombardi. "Scarlet Fever." eMedicine.com.
Mar. 19, 2010. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/785981-overview>.
Dyne, Pamela L., and Peter Bloomfield. "Pediatrics, Scarlet Fever."
eMedicine.com. July 9, 2010. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/803974-overview>.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Scarlet Fever." Apr. 13, 2008. <http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/
Zabawski, Edward J. "Scarlet Fever." eMedicine.com. Apr. 28, 2009. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1053253-overview>.
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