Font Size

School Refusal (cont.)

For More Information

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

American Psychological Association

American Academy of Family Physicians, School Refusal in Children and Adolescents

Medically reviewed by Marina Katz, MD; American Board of Psychiatry & Neurology


Birmaher, B., S. Khetarpal, D. Brent, M. Cully, L. Balach, J. Kaufman, and S.M. Neer. "The Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED): Scale Construction and Psychometric Characteristics." J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 36.4 Apr. (1997): 545-553.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/10/2014
Medical Author:

Must Read Articles Related to School Refusal

Separation Anxiety
Separation Anxiety Separation anxiety is a normal characteristic in infants and toddlers. Symptoms include reluctance to fall asleep, homesickness, nightmares, tantrums if separat...learn more >>

Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape

Anxiety Disorder: Separation Anxiety and School Refusal »

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), separation anxiety is a fairly common anxiety disorder that consists of excessive anxiety beyond that expected for the child's developmental level related to separation or impending separation from the attachment figure (eg, primary caretaker, close family member) occurring in children younger than 18 years and lasting for at least 4 weeks.

Read More on Medscape Reference »

Medical Dictionary