School Refusal (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
How Is School Refusal Treated?
Treatment of school refusal includes several psychological approaches including cognitive behavior therapy along with systematic desensitization, exposure therapy, and operant behavioral techniques.
Principles of Treatment
The goal of therapy is to help the student to restructure his or her thoughts and actions into a more assertive and adaptive framework to allow a rapid return to school. Therapeutic techniques include modeling, role playing, and reward systems for positive behavior change. Play therapy for younger, less verbally oriented children helps to reenact anxiety-provoking situations and master them. Interpersonally oriented individual therapy as well as group therapy can be extremely helpful for adolescents to counteract feelings of low self-esteem, isolation, and inadequacy. Interpersonally oriented individual therapy centers on the person's maladaptive responses to interpersonal interaction (usually involves difficulty in interactions with other people).
What Can Teachers and School Staff Do?
Obviously, offering a welcoming and safe environment is the first and most important step. In addition, teachers and school staff should help the student identify and recognize the triggers for school refusal. Zero tolerance for bullying, available guidance staff, and opportunities to practice relaxation techniques can significantly reduce anxiety.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 1/11/2016
Must Read Articles Related to School Refusal
Patient Comments & Reviews
The eMedicineHealth doctors ask about School Refusal:
School Refusal - Treatment
What treatment(s) has your child received for school refusal?
School Refusal - Experience
Please describe your child's experience with school refusal.
- Myths and Facts About Baby Eczema
- Type 1 Diabetes in Children by Age
- How to Spot Deadly Allergy Triggers
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Read What Your Physician is Reading on Medscape
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), separation anxiety is a fairly common anxiety disorder that consists of excessive anxiety beyond that expected for the child's developmental level related to separation or impending separation from the attachment figure (eg, primary caretaker, close family member) occurring in children younger than 18 years and lasting for at least 4 weeks.