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Radiation Therapy for Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer


Treatment Overview

Radiation therapy involves the use of X-rays to destroy cancer cells. This procedure requires 15 to 30 visits to a facility for treatment with special X-ray equipment. The skin cancer is destroyed gradually. Radiation therapy may be used in combination with other types of therapy to treat aggressive or recurrent skin cancer.

What To Expect After Treatment

Recovery time may vary depending on the site treated and the amount of radiation used.

Why It Is Done

Radiation therapy is not commonly used to treat skin cancer. It may be used:

  • If you cannot have other procedures because of your age or other health problems.
  • For skin cancers that are too large or deep to be treated with surgery or with surgery alone.
  • For skin cancers in places that are hard to treat with surgery, such as the eyelid, ear, or nose.
  • For skin cancers that have come back after surgery (recurrent).
  • To relieve symptoms but not to cure the skin cancer (palliative treatment).

How Well It Works

Treatment with radiation therapy for skin cancer is usually reserved for people who cannot—or choose not to—have other treatments, such as excision or curettage and electrosurgery. Small studies found that recurrence rates decrease (from over 50% to between 20% and 25%) when radiation therapy is used after excision surgery to treat incompletely removed squamous cell carcinoma.1

Risks

Risks of radiation therapy to treat skin cancer include the following:

  • New skin cancers may occur in the surrounding area.
  • Skin cancers may come back after radiation therapy and be harder to treat successfully.
  • Skin may become dry and hairless. Or skin may lose color or become easily infected (chronic radiation dermatitis).
  • Skin may shrink and waste away (skin atrophy).
  • Healthy skin may be destroyed by radiation (cutaneous necrosis).

Side effects are common but typically go away when treatment is finished. They include:

  • Fatigue.
  • Redness and itching of the skin in the radiation field.
  • Hair loss in the area inside the radiation field. But hair loss can be permanent.
  • Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea if the abdomen or pelvis are radiated.

What To Think About

Radiation therapy is not commonly used to treat skin cancer.

Radiation therapy may be considered when:

  • The skin cancer is very large.
  • You cannot have surgery.

Radiation therapy is most often reserved for use in older adults. It may lead to other skin cancers in younger people as they age.

Complete the special treatment information form (PDF)Click here to view a form.(What is a PDF document?) to help you understand this treatment.

References

Citations

  1. Green A, McBride P (2010). Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin (non-metastatic), search date October 2009. Online version of BMJ Clinical Evidence: http://www.clinicalevidence.com.

Credits

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerKathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerRandall D. Burr, MD - Dermatology
Last RevisedOctober 1, 2010

eMedicineHealth Medical Reference from Healthwise

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