At one time or another, everyone has had a minor facial injury that caused pain, swelling, or bruising. Home treatment is usually all that is needed for mild bumps or bruises.
It may be helpful to be familiar with the makeup of the facial bones to better understand facial injuries. See a picture of the facial bones.
Causes of facial injuries
Facial injuries most commonly occur during:
In children, most facial injuries occur during sports or play or are caused by accidental falls. Minor facial injuries in young children tend to be less severe than similar facial injuries that occur in older children or adults. Young children are less likely to break a facial bone because they have fat pads that cushion their faces and their bones are more flexible. But young children are more likely to be bitten in the face by an animal.
Head injuries may occur at the same time as a facial injury, so be sure to check for symptoms of a head injury. For more information, see the topic Head Injuries, Age 3 and Younger or Head Injuries, Age 4 and Older.
Types of injuries
Facial injuries may be caused by a direct blow, penetrating injury, or fall. Pain may be sudden and severe. Bruising and swelling may develop soon after the injury. Acute injuries include:
Treatment for a facial injury may include first aid measures, medicine, and in some cases surgery. Treatment depends on:
Check your symptoms to decide if and when you should see a doctor.
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