Prostaglandin Analogs for Glaucoma
How It Works
These medicines are given in eyedrop form.
Why It Is Used
Prostaglandin analogs are used to reduce intraocular pressure in people who have open-angle glaucoma or high intraocular pressure (ocular hypertension). They can be used alone or in combination with other glaucoma medicines.
How Well It Works
Prostaglandin analogs are effective in lowering the pressure inside the eye, which lowers the risk of damage to the optic nerve. These medicines typically lower IOP by 20% to 30%.1
Prostaglandin analogs are the most frequently used medicines for glaucoma treatment.1
Side effects of prostaglandin analogs include:
The American Academy of Ophthalmology states that there have been no whole-body (systemic) side effects associated with prostaglandin medicines for glaucoma. Latanoprost has no effect on blood pressure or heart rate.
See Drug Reference for a full list of side effects. (Drug Reference is not available in all systems.)
What To Think About
People who wear contact lenses need to take their contacts out before putting these eyedrops into their eyes. The contacts can be reinserted 15 minutes after using the eyedrops.
If you are putting in more than one type of eyedrop at the same time, wait 5 minutes between medicines.
Prostaglandin analogs should be used with caution by people who have infections in the eye (such as herpes keratitis) or inflammation (uveitis), who have had cataract surgery or other problems with the lens of the eye, or who are at risk for swelling in the macula at the back of the eye.
Bimatoprost and travoprost should not be used by women during pregnancy or by women who are trying to become pregnant. They should be used with caution by women who are breast-feeding.
eMedicineHealth Medical Reference from Healthwise
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