Pelvic Floor (Kegel) Exercises for Urinary Incontinence in Women
Kegel exercises can be performed while traveling, at work, or at random moments during the day. No one will be aware that you are doing the exercises. So you can repeat them frequently.
Kegel exercises are often combined with biofeedback techniques to teach the proper exercise methods and to make sure the exercises are working. Biofeedback allows you to see, feel, or hear when an exercise is being done correctly. This can be done by placing a finger in your vagina or anus to feel it contract when the pelvic muscles are exercised.
More elaborate devices can also be used that measure the pressure of the bladder and abdominal muscles or provide a measurement of the pressure within the vagina.
Another exercise technique involves using a weighted cone that is inserted into the vagina. You must contract the pelvic muscles to prevent the cone from dropping out of the vagina. A set of cones identical in size and shape but of increasing weight are provided. As treatment progresses, heavier cones are used that require stronger contractions to keep them in place.
What To Expect After Treatment
Kegel exercises can be done throughout your life.
Why It Is Done
These exercises can be done during and after pregnancy to prevent incontinence.
How Well It Works
Women who do Kegel exercises are more likely to improve, and even cure, their incontinence. These women had fewer leakage problems a day and said their quality of life was better.1
Women who do these exercises during and after pregnancy can reduce their chance of urine leakage after delivery.2
Kegel exercises do not pose any risks to a woman's health.
What To Think About
Kegel exercises require a high level of motivation and frequent repetition to be successful.
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