Traditional Sinus Surgery for Sinusitis
In traditional sinus surgery, an opening is made into the sinus. The opening may be made from inside the mouth or through the skin of the face. See a picture of the locations of the facial (paranasal) sinuses.
- There are a number of possible approaches depending on the location of the infected sinus and what the doctor prefers.
- Working through the incision, the doctor can remove tissue that is blocking the sinus and preventing drainage.
- More extensive procedures may involve leaving a temporary opening to help drain the infection.
Most of these procedures require admission to a hospital.
What To Expect After Surgery
Recovery from surgery may involve:
- Packing the nose with gauze to absorb blood and other drainage. The packing may be changed several times a day or left in place for a few days.
- Using saltwater nasal washes (saline lavage or irrigation) to keep the sinuses moist.
- Avoiding activities such as blowing the nose, strenuous exercise, and bending forward for a few days.
- Using a humidifier to keep room air moist, especially in the bedroom.
Why It Is Done
Traditional sinus surgery may be done if:
- Medications have failed to cure chronic sinusitis.
- Endoscopic surgery is unsuccessful. For more information, see Endoscopic surgery for sinusitis.
- There are complications related to sinusitis.
How Well It Works
Traditional surgery is an effective method of treating chronic sinusitis or sinusitis that has caused complications.1
Serious risks include:
- Heavy bleeding.
- Leakage of the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.
- Inflammation of the membrane that covers the brain (meningitis).
What To Think About
Endoscopic surgery has become the standard type of surgery done for chronic sinusitis. But traditional surgery is still the best choice in certain cases. The type of surgery you have will depend on which sinuses are affected and how severely they are damaged.1 For more information, see Endoscopic surgery for sinusitis.
Surgical treatment of sinusitis should be considered only when more conservative approaches, such as home treatment and medications, have failed.
Complete the surgery information form (PDF)(What is a PDF document?) to help you prepare for this surgery.
Joint Council of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (2005). The diagnosis and management of sinusitis: A practice parameter update. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 116(6 Suppl): S13–S47.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Donald R. Mintz, MD - Otolaryngology|
|Last Revised||August 3, 2010|