Font Size
A
A
A
2
...

Endometrial Cancer Treatment (Professional) (cont.)

Cellular Classification of Endometrial Cancer

The most common endometrial cancer cell type is endometrioid adenocarcinoma, which is composed of malignant glandular epithelial elements; an admixture of squamous metaplasia is not uncommon. Adenosquamous tumors contain malignant elements of both glandular and squamous epithelium;[1] clear cell and papillary serous carcinoma of the endometrium are tumors that are histologically similar to those noted in the ovary and the fallopian tube, and the prognosis is worse for these tumors.[2] Mucinous, squamous, and undifferentiated tumors are rarely encountered. Frequency of endometrial cancer cell types is as follows:

  1. Endometrioid (75%–80%).
    1. Ciliated adenocarcinoma.
    2. Secretory adenocarcinoma.
    3. Papillary or villoglandular.
    4. Adenocarcinoma with squamous differentiation.
      1. Adenoacanthoma.
      2. Adenosquamous.
  2. Uterine papillary serous (<10%).
  3. Mucinous (1%).
  4. Clear cell (4%).
  5. Squamous cell (<1%).
  6. Mixed (10%).
  7. Undifferentiated.

References:

  1. Zaino RJ, Kurman R, Herbold D, et al.: The significance of squamous differentiation in endometrial carcinoma. Data from a Gynecologic Oncology Group study. Cancer 68 (10): 2293-302, 1991.
  2. Gusberg SB: Virulence factors in endometrial cancer. Cancer 71 (4 Suppl): 1464-6, 1993.

Stage Information for Endometrial Cancer

Definitions: FIGO

The Féderation Internationale de Gynécologie et d'Obstétrique (FIGO) and the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) have designated staging to define endometrial cancer; the FIGO system is most commonly used.[1,2]

Carcinosarcomas should be staged as carcinoma.[2]

Table 1. Carcinoma of the Endometriuma

Stage
a Adapted from FIGO Committee on Gynecologic Oncology.[1]
b Either G1, G2, or G3 (G = grade).
c Endocervical glandular involvement only should be considered as stage I and no longer as stage II.
d Positive cytology has to be reported separately without changing the stage.
IbTumor confined to the corpus uteri.
IAbNo or less than half myometrial invasion.
IBbInvasion equal to or more than half of the myometrium.
IIbTumor invades cervical stroma but does not extend beyond the uterus.c
IIIbLocal and/or regional spread of the tumor.
IIIAbTumor invades the serosa of the corpus uteri and/or adnexae.d
IIIBbVaginal and/or parametrial involvement.d
IIICbMetastases to pelvic and/or para-aortic lymph nodes.d
IIIC1bPositive pelvic nodes.
IIIC2bPositive para-aortic lymph nodes with or without positive pelvic lymph nodes.
IVbTumor invades bladder and/or bowel mucosa, and/or distant metastases.
IVAbTumor invasion of bladder and/or bowel mucosa.
IVBbDistant metastases, including intra-abdominal metastases and/or inguinal lymph nodes.

References:

  1. Pecorelli S: Revised FIGO staging for carcinoma of the vulva, cervix, and endometrium. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 105 (2): 103-4, 2009.
  2. Corpus uteri. In: Edge SB, Byrd DR, Compton CC, et al., eds.: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2010, pp 403-18.
2
...
eMedicineHealth Public Information from the National Cancer Institute

This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http://cancer.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER

This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

Some material in CancerNet™ is from copyrighted publications of the respective copyright claimants. Users of CancerNet™ are referred to the publication data appearing in the bibliographic citations, as well as to the copyright notices appearing in the original publication, all of which are hereby incorporated by reference.





Medical Dictionary