Nutrition in Cancer Care (Patient) (cont.)
IN THIS ARTICLE
Nutrition and Lifestyle in Cancer Survivors
Cancer survivors have special nutrition needs.
Everyone needs a healthy diet and exercise for good health and to help prevent disease. Cancersurvivors have special health needs, especially because of the risks of late effects and the cancer coming back. Studies have shown that a healthy diet helps to prevent late effects such as obesity, heart disease, and metabolic syndrome. Researchers are also studying whether certain diet and exercise habits in cancer survivors can keep cancer from coming back or keep new cancers from forming.
Healthy diet and lifestyle habits can improve the quality of life for cancer survivors.
Surveys show that many cancer survivors do not follow cancer prevention guidelines and have lifestyle behaviors that may increase their risk for late effects or make late effects worse. Education programs can help cancer survivors learn how to make behavior changes that keep them healthier. Programs that cover diet, exercise, and stress management are more likely to help cancer survivors make lasting changes.
The effects of diet and lifestyle on cancer continue to be studied.
Nutrition in Cancer Prevention
Following certain dietary guidelines may help prevent cancer.
The American Cancer Society and the American Institute for Cancer Research both have dietary guidelines that may help prevent cancer. Their guidelines are a lot alike and include the following:
The effect of soy on breast cancer and breast cancer prevention is being studied.
Study results include the following:
Soy has substances in it that act like estrogen in the body. Studies were done to find out how soy affects breast cancer in patients who have tumors that need estrogen to grow. Some studies have shown that soy foods are safe for women with breast cancer when eaten in moderate amounts as part of a healthy diet.
If you are a breast cancer survivor be sure to check the most up-to-date information when deciding whether to include soy in your diet.
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