Trench foot (immersion foot) is a cold injury that occurs gradually over several days of exposure to cold, but not freezing, temperatures. The name comes from World War I troops who developed symptoms after standing in cold, wet trenches.
Signs and symptoms of trench foot include:
- Red skin that turns pale and swollen.
- Numbness or burning pain.
- Leg cramps.
- No actual freezing of the skin.
- A slow or absent pulse in the foot.
- Development of blisters or ulcers after 2 to 7 days.
First aid for trench foot includes rewarming the affected areas, relieving pain, and preventing problems such as infection or dead skin (gangrene).
|Primary Medical Reviewer||William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||H. Michael O'Connor, MD - Emergency Medicine|
|Last Revised||April 15, 2013|