Who Is Affected by Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Who Is Affected by Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common anxiety disorder that affects 2% to 3% of the general population (millions of people worldwide).1
- OCD usually begins during late adolescence or early adulthood.
- One-third of those with OCD report that their first symptoms began before the age of 15.2
- OCD occurs equally in males and females.
- OCD usually starts earlier in males than in females. (It is possible for preschool children to develop OCD, although this is rare.)3
- Males most often develop OCD between the ages of 6 and 15.
- Females usually develop OCD between the ages of 20 and 29.
- OCD is found in people from all ethnic backgrounds.
- OCD occurs more often in people who have parents or siblings (first-degree family members) with OCD.3, 1
Sadock BJ, Sadock VA (2007). Obsessive-compulsive disorder. In Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry, Behavioral Sciences/Clinical Psychiatry, 10th ed., pp. 604–612. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
American Psychiatric Association (2007). Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. American Psychiatric Association, Arlington, VA. Available online at www.psych.org/psych_pract/treatg/pg/prac_guide.cfm.
American Psychiatric Association (2000). Obsessive-compulsive disorder. In Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., text rev., pp. 456–463. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
|Primary Medical Reviewer||Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine|
|Specialist Medical Reviewer||Lisa S. Weinstock, MD - Psychiatry|
|Last Revised||June 21, 2010|