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Thyroid Hormone Production


Picture of the thyroid production process.

The thyroid gland produces two thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), and releases them as needed by the body. The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland help control the thyroid gland. The hypothalamus produces thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), which stimulates the pituitary gland to release thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Low levels of T3 tell the hypothalamus to release more TRH and the pituitary to release more TSH. The thyroid gland releases T3 and T4 until the body is receiving the required amount.

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerMatthew I. Kim, MD - Endocrinology
Last RevisedJuly 16, 2010

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