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Definition of Control (genetic)

Control (genetic): The control of gene expression.

Genetic control may be on the transcriptional or translational level. Transcriptional control works by controlling the number of RNA transcripts of a region of DNA, indirectly controlling protein synthesis. Translational control of protein synthesis works by regulating the step of translating RNA into protein.

Source: MedTerms™ Medical Dictionary
Last Editorial Review: 6/14/2012

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