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Definition of Chemical terrorism

Chemical terrorism: Terrorism using chemical agents. These chemical agents are poisonous gases, liquids or solids that have toxic effects on people, animals or plants. Most chemical agents are capable of causing serious injuries or death. The severity of injuries depends on the type and amount of the chemical agent used, and the duration of exposure.

Chemical agents that might be used for terrorism have been divided by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (the CDC) as follows:

  • Blistering (Vesicant) Chemicals
    • Distilled Mustard (HD)
    • Lewisite (L)
    • Mustard Gas (H)
    • Nitrogen Mustard (HN-2)
    • Phosgene Oxime (CX)
    • Ethyldichloroarsine (ED)
    • Lewisite 1 (L-1)
    • Lewisite 1 (L-2)
    • Lewisite 1 (L-3)
    • Methyldichloroarsine (MD)
    • Mustard/Lewisite (HL)
    • Mustard/T
    • Nitrogen Mustard (HN-1)
    • Nitrogen Mustard (HN-3)
    • Phenodichloroarsine (PD)
    • Sesqui Mustard
  • Blood Chemicals (chemicals acting on the blood)
    • Arsine (SA)
    • Cyanogen Chloride (CK)
    • Hydrogen Chloride
    • Hydrogen Cyanide (AC)
  • Choking/Lung/Pulmonary Damaging Chemicals
    • Chlorine (CL)
    • Diphosgene (DP)
    • Nitrogen Oxide (NO)
    • Perflurorisobutylene (PHIB)
    • Phosgene (CG)
    • Red Phosphorous (RP)
    • Sulfur Trioxide-Chlorosulfonic Acid (FS)
    • Teflon and Perflurorisobutylene (PHIB)
    • Titanium Tetrachloride (FM)
    • Zinc Oxide (HC)
  • Incapacitating Chemicals
    • Agent 15
    • BZ
    • Canniboids
    • Fentanyls
    • LSD
    • Phenothiazines
  • Nerve Chemicals
    • Cyclohexyl Sarin (GF)
    • GE
    • Sarin (GB)
    • Soman (GD)
    • Tabun (GA)
    • VE
    • VG
    • V-Gas
    • VM
    • VX
  • Riot Control/Tear Chemicals
    • Bromobenzylcyanide (CA)
    • Chloroacetophenone (CN)
    • Chloropicrin (PS)
    • CNB - (CN in Benzene and Carbon Tetrachloride)
    • CNC - (CN in Chloroform)
    • CNS - (CN and Chloropicrin in Chloroform)
    • CR
    • CS
  • Vomiting (Emetic) Chemicals
    • Adamsite (DM)
    • Diphenylchloroarsine (DA)
    • Diphenylcyanoarsine (DC)
  • Other Industrial Chemicals

Source: MedTerms™ Medical Dictionary
http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=18694
Last Editorial Review: 6/14/2012

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